Principles of the Law,

Election Administration: Non-Precinct Voting and Resolution of Ballot-Counting Disputes

This project has three parts. The first part concerns the rules for “non-precinct voting”—the casting of ballots by means other than the traditional polling place on election day. The second part concerns general principles for the resolution of disputed elections and is applicable to both presidential and nonpresidential elections. The third part concerns presidential election disputes specifically and establishes procedures to complete the resolution of a disputed presidential election within the unique and challenging time constraints established by Congress.
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At the 2016 Annual Meeting, the Reporters presented Tentative Draft No. 1, consisting of Part I, Principles of Non-Precinct Voting: Early In-Person Voting and Open Absentee Voting, and Part III, Procedures for the Resolution of a Disputed Presidential Election. Subject to the discussion at the Meeting and to the usual editorial prerogative, the membership voted to approve Tentative Draft No. 1.

Download a copy of Tentative Draft No. 1.

Download a free copy of the Report to the ALI presented at the 2012 Annual Meeting.

Project Video

Project Reporter Edward Foley and Associate Reporter Steven Huefner discuss the project in this short video:

Reporter
Edward B. Foley Ohio State University, Moritz College of Law
Columbus, OH
Associate Reporter
Steven F. Huefner Ohio State University, Moritz College of Law
Columbus, OH
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Scott Bales Supreme Court of Arizona
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Jan Witold Baran Wiley Rein LLP
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Robert Bauer Perkins Coie LLP
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E. Mark Braden Baker & Hostetler LLP
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Richard Briffault Columbia Law School
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Kurt S. Browning Pasco County Schools
Land O Lakes, FL
Bruce Edward Cain Stanford University
Stanford, CA
Doug Chapin University of Minnesota, Humphrey School of Public Affairs
Minneapolis, MN
Guy-Uriel E. Charles Duke University School of Law
Durham, NC
Paul D. Clement Bancroft PLLC
Washington, DC
Marc E. Elias Perkins Coie LLP
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Raymond C. Fisher U.S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit
Pasadena, CA
John Fortier Bipartisan Policy Center
Washington, DC
Gregory G. Garre Latham & Watkins LLP
Washington, DC
Heather Gerken Yale Law School
New Haven, CT
Benjamin L. Ginsberg Jones Day
Washington, DC
Trey Grayson Northern Kentucky Chamber of Commerce
Fort Mitchell, KY
Kevin J. Hamilton Perkins Coie LLP
Seattle, WA
Richard L. Hasen University of California, Irvine School of Law
Irvine, CA
James C. Ho Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP
Dallas, TX
Samuel Issacharoff New York University School of Law
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Brett M. Kavanaugh U.S. Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit
Washington, DC
Kevin J. Kennedy Wisconsin Government Accountability Board
Madison, WI
Ray Martinez Independent Colleges and Universities of Texas, Inc.
Austin, TX
Stephen R. McAllister University of Kansas School of Law
Lawrence, KS
Michael W. McConnell Stanford Law School
Stanford, CA
Cleta Mitchell Foley & Lardner LLP
Washington, DC
Alan B. Morrison George Washington University Law School
Washington, DC
Spencer Overton George Washington University Law School
Washington, DC
Nina Perales Mexican American Legal Defense & Educational Fund
San Antonio, TX
Nathaniel Persily Stanford Law School
Stanford, CA
Thomas R. Phillips Baker Botts L.L.P.
Austin, TX
Richard Pildes New York University School of Law
New York, NY
Trevor Potter Caplin & Drysdale, Chartered
Washington, DC
Marsha E. Simms Weil, Gotshal & Manges LLP
New York, NY
Frank Sullivan, Jr. Indiana University, Robert H. McKinney School of Law
Indianapolis, IN
John J. Sullivan Service Employees International Union
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Jeffrey S. Sutton U.S. Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit
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Wendy Underhill National Conference of State Legislatures
Denver, CO
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Marc T. Amy Louisiana Court of Appeal, Third Circuit
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John Fox Arnold Lashly & Baer
Saint Louis, MO
William G. Arnot, III Law Offices of William G. Arnot
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William T. Barker Dentons US LLP
Chicago, IL
Marialyn Barnard Texas Fourth Court of Appeals
San Antonio, TX
Simon K. Barsky SKB Consulting
Valley Village, CA
Debra Lyn Bassett Southwestern Law School
Los Angeles, CA
Warren Belmar Capitol Counsel Group, LLC
Washington, DC
Mark I. Bernstein Court of Common Pleas, First Judicial District
Philadelphia, PA
Ashutosh A. Bhagwat University of California, Davis School of Law
Davis, CA
Sanford L. Bohrer Holland & Knight LLP
Miami, FL
Emmet J. Bondurant, II Bondurant, Mixson & Elmore
Atlanta, GA
David M. Brodsky Brodsky ADR LLC
New York, NY
David John Burman Perkins Coie LLP
Seattle, WA
Tom Campbell Chapman University, Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Orange, CA
Elena A. Cappella Philadelphia, PA, USA
Peter H. Carson Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP
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Nicole B. Casarez University of St. Thomas
Houston, TX
Henry L. Chambers, Jr. University of Richmond, T.C. Williams School of Law
Richmond, VA
Eric A. Chiappinelli Texas Tech University School of Law
Lubbock, TX
Neil Howard Cogan Whittier Law School
Costa Mesa, CA
Anne E. Cohen Debevoise & Plimpton LLP
New York, NY
David K. Cohen George Washington University Law School
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Neil B. Cohen Brooklyn Law School
Brooklyn, NY
Dennis R. Connolly Princeton, NJ, USA
Michael A. Cooper Sullivan & Cromwell LLP
New York, NY
Richard D. Craig McAfee & Taft A Professional Corporation
Oklahoma City, OK
Michael Crommelin Melbourne Law School
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Josiah M. Daniel, III Vinson & Elkins LLP
Dallas, TX
Jack Davies Minneapolis, MN, USA
Kimberly A. Demarchi Lewis Roca Rothgerber Christie LLP
Phoenix, AZ
Suzanne M. Dugan Cohen Milstein Sellers & Toll PLLC
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Linda S. Eads Southern Methodist University, Dedman School of Law
Dallas, TX
George E. Edwards Indiana University, Robert H. McKinney School of Law
Indianapolis, IN
Joseph P. Esposito Hunton & Williams LLP
Washington, DC
Ira M. Feinberg Hogan Lovells US LLP
New York, NY
Joseph Z. Fleming Greenberg Traurig LLP
Miami, FL
C. Allen Foster Whiteford Taylor Preston, LLP
Washington, DC
Steven I. Friedland Elon University School of Law
Greensboro, NC
Faith E. Gay Quinn Emanuel Urquhart & Sullivan, LLP
New York, NY
E. Duncan Getchell, Jr. McGuireWoods LLP
Richmond, VA
Joseph Goldberg Freedman Boyd Hollander Goldberg Urias & Ward, PA
Albuquerque, NM
Philip S. Goldberg Shook, Hardy & Bacon LLP
Washington, DC
Nicole A. Gordon New York, NY, USA
David M. Gossett Federal Communications Commission
Washington, DC
Michael Greenwald Philadelphia, PA, USA
Charles E. Griffin Butler Snow LLP
Ridgeland, MS
Seth Grossman University of California
Oakland, CA
Kevin J. Hamilton Perkins Coie LLP
Seattle, WA
Teresa Wilton Harmon Sidley Austin LLP
Chicago, IL
Allison Hayward Cambria, CA, USA
Otto J. Hetzel Washington, DC
W. William Hodes The William Hodes Law Firm
Lady Lake, FL
Kathleen J. Hopkins Real Property Law Group PLLC
Seattle, WA
Edwin E. Huddleson Washington, DC
Richard H. Hunter Hunter & Cole
St Croix, VI
Vincent R. Johnson St. Mary's University School of Law
San Antonio, TX
Anthony Johnstone University of Montana, Alexander Blewett III School of Law
Missoula, MT
Joseph A. Kanefield Ballard Spahr LLP
Phoenix, AZ
Robert M. Kaufman Proskauer Rose LLP
New York, NY
Evelyn V. Keyes Texas Court of Appeals, 1st District
Houston, TX
Mark R. Killenbeck University of Arkansas-Fayetteville, Leflar Law Center
Fayetteville, AR
Michael J. Kramer Noble Superior Court
Albion, IN
Daniel J. Krisch Halloran & Sage
Hartford, CT
Ronald J. Krotoszynski University of Alabama School of Law
Tuscaloosa, AL
Peter B Kutner University of Oklahoma College of Law
Norman, OK
Edward Labaton Labaton Sucharow LLP
New York, NY
Othni J. Lathram Alabama State House
Montgomery, AL
John P. Lavelle, Jr. Morgan, Lewis & Bockius LLP
Philadelphia, PA
John K. Lawrence Dickinson Wright PLLC
Ann Arbor, MI
Herbert I. Lazerow University of San Diego School of Law
San Diego, CA
Bill Lann Lee Civil Rights Educaton and Enforcement Center
Berkeley, CA
Matthew Howard Lembke Bradley Arant Boult Cummings LLP
Birmingham, AL
Seth R. Lesser Klafter Olsen & Lesser LLP
Rye Brook, NY
David L. Lewis Lewis & Fiore
New York, NY
Peter Linzer University of Houston Law Center
Houston, TX
Ann M. Lousin John Marshall Law School
Chicago, IL
Houston Putnam Lowry Polivy, Taschner, Lowry & Clayton, LLC
Hartford, CT
Myles V. Lynk Arizona State University, Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law
Tempe, AZ
C. Scott Maravilla U.S. Federal Aviation Administration
Washington, DC
Raymond B. Marcin Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law
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Mary Massaron Plunkett Cooney, P.C.
Bloomfield Hills, MI
Lorelie S. Masters Perkins Coie LLP
Washington, DC
Lloyd H. Mayer Notre Dame Law School
Notre Dame, IN
Thomas Wm. Mayo Southern Methodist University, Dedman School of Law
Dallas, TX
Robert Lee McCurley Alabama Law Institute
Tuscaloosa, AL
Beverly McQueary Smith Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center
Central Islip, NY
Lawrence F. Meehan Philadelphia, PA, USA
Michael J. Meehan Law Office of Michael Meehan
Tucson, AZ, USA
Bruce P. Merenstein Schnader Harrison Segal & Lewis LLP
Philadelphia, PA
Thomas Butler Merritt Littleton, NH, USA
Luther T. Munford Butler Snow LLP
Ridgeland, MS
Cynthia E. Nance University of Arkansas-Fayetteville, Leflar Law Center
Fayetteville, AR
Richard L. Neumeier Morrison Mahoney LLP
Boston, MA
Robert G. Newman Norton Rose Fulbright US LLP
San Antonio, TX
James M. O'Fallon University of Oregon School of Law
Eugene, OR
Kathleen M. O'Sullivan Perkins Coie LLP
Seattle, WA
Elizabeth Pendo St. Louis University School of Law
Saint Louis, MO
W. Michel Pierson Maryland Circuit Court for Baltimore City
Baltimore, MD
Michael J. Pitts Indiana University McKinney School of Law
Indianapolis, IN
Roger V. Pugh Lawyers Without Borders
New York, NY, USA
Margaret Jane Radin University of Michigan Law School
Ann Arbor, MI
Bernard D. Reams, Jr. St. Mary's University School of Law
San Antonio, TX
Joe R. Reeder Greenberg Traurig LLP
Washington, DC
Richard C. Reuben University of Missouri School of Law
Columbia, MO
Augustin Rivera, Jr. Del Mar Community College District
Corpus Christi, TX
James L. Robertson Wise Carter Child & Caraway, P.A.
Jackson, MS
Jonathan C. Rose Jones Day
Washington, DC
Robin S. Rosenbaum U.S. District Court, Southern District of Florida
Fort Lauderdale, FL
Ronald D. Rotunda Chapman University, Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Orange, CA
Margaret M. Russell Santa Clara University School of Law
Santa Clara, CA
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Ronna G. Schneider University of Cincinnati College of Law
Cincinnati, OH
Andrew G. Schultz Rodey, Dickason, Sloan, Akin & Robb, PA
Albuquerque, NM
Herman Schwartz American University, Washington College of Law
Washington, DC
John A. Sebert Wilmette, IL, USA
Paul M. Secunda Marquette University Law School
Milwaukee, WI
Gary E. Sherman Wisconsin Court of Appeals Dist IV
Madison, WI
Richard G. Singer Rutgers Law School
Camden, NJ
Arthur B. Spitzer American Civil Liberties Union of the National Capital Area
Washington, DC
H. Mark Stichel Gohn Hankey Stichel & Berlage, LLP
Baltimore, MD
Elizabeth S. Stong U.S. Bankruptcy Court, Eastern District of New York
Brooklyn, NY
Guy Miller Struve Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP
New York, NY
Daniel M. Traynor Traynor Law Firm, PC
Devils Lake, ND
Willis R. Tribler Tribler Orpett & Meyer, P.C.
Chicago, IL
H. Woodruff Turner K&L Gates LLP
Pittsburgh, PA
Mark V. Tushnet Harvard Law School
Cambridge, MA
Timothy M. Tymkovich U.S. Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit
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R. Patrick Vance Jones Walker LLP
New Orleans, LA
Bill Wagner Wagner McLaughlin
Tampa, FL
Wenona Yvonne Whitfield Carbondale, IL, USA
L. Kinvin Wroth Vermont Law School
South Royalton, VT
David P. Yaffe Superior Court of California, County of Los Angeles
Los Angeles, CA
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Washington, DC
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Cleveland, OH
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