Principles of the Law,

Election Administration: Non-Precinct Voting and Resolution of Ballot-Counting Disputes

This project has three parts. The first part concerns the rules for “non-precinct voting”—the casting of ballots by means other than the traditional polling place on election day. The second part concerns general principles for the resolution of disputed elections and is applicable to both presidential and nonpresidential elections. The third part concerns presidential election disputes specifically and establishes procedures to complete the resolution of a disputed presidential election within the unique and challenging time constraints established by Congress.
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Status Details

All three Parts of this project have been approved by membership.

For an in-depth description of this project, please visit the Election Administration page of The ALI Adviser.

Project Video

Project Reporter Edward Foley and Associate Reporter Steven Huefner discuss the project in this short video:

Edward B. Foley Ohio State University, Moritz College of Law
Columbus, OH
Associate Reporter
Steven F. Huefner Ohio State University, Moritz College of Law
Columbus, OH
Scott Bales Institute for the Advancement of the American Legal System at Univ. of Denver
Denver, CO
Jan Witold Baran Wiley Rein LLP
Washington, DC
Robert Bauer Perkins Coie LLP
Washington, DC
E. Mark Braden Baker & Hostetler LLP
Washington, DC
Richard Briffault Columbia Law School
New York, NY
Kurt S. Browning Pasco County Schools
Land O Lakes, FL
Bruce Edward Cain Stanford University
Stanford, CA
Doug Chapin University of Minnesota, Humphrey School of Public Affairs
Minneapolis, MN
Guy-Uriel E. Charles Duke University School of Law
Durham, NC
Paul D. Clement Kirkland & Ellis LLP
Washington, DC
Marc E. Elias Perkins Coie LLP
Washington, DC
Raymond C. Fisher U.S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit
Pasadena, CA
John Fortier Bipartisan Policy Center
Washington, DC
Gregory G. Garre Latham & Watkins LLP
Washington, DC
Heather Gerken Yale Law School
New Haven, CT
Benjamin L. Ginsberg Jones Day
Washington, DC
Trey Grayson Northern Kentucky Chamber of Commerce
Fort Mitchell, KY
Kevin J. Hamilton Perkins Coie LLP
Seattle, WA
Richard L. Hasen University of California, Irvine School of Law
Irvine, CA
James C. Ho U.S. Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit
Dallas, TX
Samuel Issacharoff New York University School of Law
New York, NY
Kevin J. Kennedy Wisconsin Government Accountability Board
Madison, WI
Ray Martinez Independent Colleges and Universities of Texas, Inc.
Austin, TX
Stephen R. McAllister University of Kansas School of Law
Lawrence, KS
Cleta Mitchell Foley & Lardner LLP
Washington, DC
Alan B. Morrison George Washington University Law School
Washington, DC
Spencer Overton George Washington University Law School
Washington, DC
Nina Perales Mexican American Legal Defense & Educational Fund
San Antonio, TX
Nathaniel Persily Stanford Law School
Stanford, CA
Thomas R. Phillips Baker Botts L.L.P.
Austin, TX
Richard Pildes New York University School of Law
New York, NY
Trevor Potter Caplin & Drysdale, Chartered
Washington, DC
Marsha E. Simms Weil, Gotshal & Manges LLP
New York, NY
Frank Sullivan, Jr. Indiana University, Robert H. McKinney School of Law
Indianapolis, IN
John J. Sullivan Service Employees International Union
Washington, DC
Jeffrey S. Sutton U.S. Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit
Columbus, OH
Rebecca Green William and Mary School of Law
Williamsburg, VA
Wendy Underhill National Conference of State Legislatures
Denver, CO
Members Consultative Group
Marc T. Amy Jones Walker LLP
Lafayette, LA
John Fox Arnold Lashly & Baer
Saint Louis, MO
William G. Arnot, III Law Offices of William G. Arnot
Houston, TX
William T. Barker Dentons US LLP
Chicago, IL
Marialyn Barnard Texas Fourth Court of Appeals (Retired)
San Antonio, TX
Simon K. Barsky SKB Consulting
Valley Village, CA
Debra Lyn Bassett Southwestern Law School
Los Angeles, CA
Warren Belmar Capitol Counsel Group, LLC
Palm Beach, FL, USA
Mark I. Bernstein Philadelphia, PA
Ashutosh A. Bhagwat University of California, Davis School of Law
Davis, CA
Sanford L. Bohrer Holland & Knight LLP
Miami, FL
Emmet J. Bondurant, II Bondurant, Mixson & Elmore
Atlanta, GA
David M. Brodsky Brodsky ADR LLC
New York, NY
David John Burman Perkins Coie LLP
Seattle, WA
Tom Campbell Chapman University, Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Orange, CA
Elena A. Cappella Philadelphia, PA, USA
Peter H. Carson Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP
San Francisco, CA
Nicole B. Casarez University of St. Thomas
Houston, TX
Henry L. Chambers, Jr. University of Richmond, T.C. Williams School of Law
Richmond, VA
Eric A. Chiappinelli Texas Tech University School of Law
Lubbock, TX
Neil Howard Cogan Whittier Law School
Costa Mesa, CA
Anne E. Cohen Debevoise & Plimpton LLP
New York, NY
David K. Cohen George Washington University Law School
Washington, DC
Neil B. Cohen Brooklyn Law School
Brooklyn, NY
Dennis R. Connolly Princeton, NJ, USA
Michael A. Cooper Sullivan & Cromwell LLP
New York, NY
Richard D. Craig McAfee & Taft A Professional Corporation
Oklahoma City, OK
Michael Crommelin Melbourne Law School
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Josiah M. Daniel, III Vinson & Elkins LLP (Retired)
Dallas, TX
Jack Davies Minneapolis, MN, USA
Kimberly A. Demarchi Arizona State University, Office of General Counsel
Tempe, AZ
Suzanne M. Dugan Cohen Milstein Sellers & Toll PLLC
Washington, DC
Linda S. Eads Southern Methodist University, Dedman School of Law
Dallas, TX
George E. Edwards Indiana University, Robert H. McKinney School of Law
Indianapolis, IN
Joseph P. Esposito Esposito Mediation LLC
Bethesda, MD
Ira M. Feinberg Hogan Lovells US LLP
New York, NY
Joseph Z. Fleming Greenberg Traurig, LLP
Miami, FL
C. Allen Foster Whiteford Taylor Preston, LLP
Washington, DC
Steven I. Friedland Elon University School of Law
Greensboro, NC
Faith E. Gay Selendy & Gay PLLC
New York, NY
E. Duncan Getchell, Jr. McGuireWoods LLP
Richmond, VA
Joseph Goldberg Freedman Boyd Hollander Goldberg Urias & Ward, PA
Albuquerque, NM
Philip S. Goldberg Shook, Hardy & Bacon LLP
Washington, DC
Nicole A. Gordon New York, NY, USA
David M. Gossett Federal Communications Commission
Washington, DC
Michael Greenwald Philadelphia, PA, USA
Charles E. Griffin Butler Snow LLP
Ridgeland, MS
Seth Grossman American University
Washington, DC
Teresa Wilton Harmon Sidley Austin LLP
Chicago, IL
Allison Hayward Cambria, CA, USA
Otto J. Hetzel Washington, DC
W. William Hodes The William Hodes Law Firm
Lady Lake, FL
Kathleen J. Hopkins Real Property Law Group PLLC
Seattle, WA
Edwin E. Huddleson Washington, DC
Richard H. Hunter Hunter & Cole
St Croix, VI
Vincent R. Johnson St. Mary's University School of Law
San Antonio, TX
Anthony Johnstone University of Montana, Alexander Blewett III School of Law
Missoula, MT
Joseph A. Kanefield Arizona Attorney General's Office
Phoenix, AZ
Robert M. Kaufman Proskauer Rose LLP
New York, NY
Evelyn V. Keyes Texas Court of Appeals, 1st District
Houston, TX
Mark R. Killenbeck University of Arkansas School of Law, Leflar Law Center
Fayetteville, AR
Michael J. Kramer Noble Circuit Court
Albion, IN
Daniel J. Krisch Halloran & Sage
Hartford, CT
Ronald J. Krotoszynski University of Alabama School of Law
Tuscaloosa, AL
Peter B Kutner University of Oklahoma College of Law
Norman, OK
Edward Labaton Labaton Sucharow LLP
New York, NY
Othni J. Lathram Alabama Legislative Services Agency
Montgomery, AL
John P. Lavelle, Jr. Morgan, Lewis & Bockius LLP
Philadelphia, PA
John K. Lawrence Dickinson Wright PLLC
Ann Arbor, MI
Herbert I. Lazerow University of San Diego School of Law
San Diego, CA
Peter E. Leckman Langer, Grogan & Diver P.C.
Philadelphia, PA
Bill Lann Lee Civil Rights Education and Enforcement Center
Berkeley, CA
Matthew Howard Lembke Bradley Arant Boult Cummings LLP
Birmingham, AL
Seth R. Lesser Klafter Olsen & Lesser LLP
Rye Brook, NY
David L. Lewis New York State Court of Claims
Bronx, NY
Peter Linzer University of Houston Law Center
Houston, TX
Ann M. Lousin John Marshall Law School
Chicago, IL
Houston Putnam Lowry Polivy, Lowry & Clayton, LLC
Hartford, CT
Myles V. Lynk District of Columbia Office of Disciplinary Counsel
Washington, DC
C. Scott Maravilla U.S. Federal Aviation Administration
Washington, DC
Raymond B. Marcin Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law (Retired)
Washington, DC
Mary Massaron Plunkett Cooney, P.C.
Bloomfield Hills, MI
Lorelie S. Masters Hunton Andrews Kurth LLP
Washington, DC
Lloyd H. Mayer Notre Dame Law School
Notre Dame, IN
Thomas Wm. Mayo Southern Methodist University, Dedman School of Law
Dallas, TX
Robert L. McCurley, Jr. Alabama Law Institute
Tuscaloosa, AL
Beverly McQueary Smith Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center
Central Islip, NY
Lawrence F. Meehan Philadelphia, PA, USA
Michael J. Meehan Law Office of Michael Meehan
Tucson, AZ, USA
Bruce P. Merenstein Schnader Harrison Segal & Lewis LLP
Philadelphia, PA
Luther T. Munford Butler Snow LLP
Ridgeland, MS
Cynthia E. Nance University of Arkansas School of Law, Leflar Law Center
Fayetteville, AR
Richard L. Neumeier Morrison Mahoney LLP
Boston, MA
Robert G. Newman Fulbright & Jaworski LLP (Retired)
San Antonio, TX
Kathleen M. O'Sullivan Perkins Coie LLP
Seattle, WA
Elizabeth Pendo St. Louis University School of Law
Saint Louis, MO
W. Michel Pierson Maryland Circuit Court for Baltimore City
Baltimore, MD
Michael J. Pitts Indiana University, Robert H. McKinney School of Law
Indianapolis, IN
Margaret Jane Radin University of Michigan Law School
Ann Arbor, MI
Bernard D. Reams, Jr. St. Mary's University School of Law
San Antonio, TX
Joe R. Reeder Greenberg Traurig, LLP
Washington, DC
Richard C. Reuben University of Missouri School of Law
Columbia, MO
Augustin Rivera, Jr. Del Mar Community College District
Corpus Christi, TX
James L. Robertson Wise Carter Child & Caraway, P.A.
Jackson, MS
Jonathan C. Rose Jones Day
Washington, DC
Robin S. Rosenbaum U.S. District Court, Southern District of Florida
Fort Lauderdale, FL
Margaret M. Russell Santa Clara University School of Law
Santa Clara, CA
Karen J. Sarjeant Silver Spring, MD
Ronna G. Schneider University of Cincinnati College of Law
Cincinnati, OH
Andrew G. Schultz Rodey, Dickason, Sloan, Akin & Robb, P.A.
Albuquerque, NM
Herman Schwartz American University, Washington College of Law
Washington, DC
John A. Sebert Tucson, AZ, USA
Paul M. Secunda Marquette University Law School
Milwaukee, WI
Gary E. Sherman Wisconsin Court of Appeals Dist IV (Retired)
Madison, WI
Richard G. Singer Rutgers Law School
Camden, NJ
Arthur B. Spitzer American Civil Liberties Union of the District of Columbia
Washington, DC
H. Mark Stichel Astrachan Gunst Thomas, P.C.
Baltimore, MD
Elizabeth S. Stong U.S. Bankruptcy Court, Eastern District of New York
Brooklyn, NY
Guy Miller Struve Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP
New York, NY
Daniel M. Traynor Traynor Law Firm, PC
Devils Lake, ND
H. Woodruff Turner K&L Gates LLP
Pittsburgh, PA
Mark V. Tushnet Harvard Law School
Cambridge, MA
Timothy M. Tymkovich U.S. Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit
Denver, CO
R. Patrick Vance Jones Walker LLP
New Orleans, LA
Bill Wagner Wagner McLaughlin, P.A.
Tampa, FL
Wenona Yvonne Whitfield Carbondale, IL
L. Kinvin Wroth Vermont Law School
South Royalton, VT
David P. Yaffe Superior Court of California, County of Los Angeles
Los Angeles, CA
John Hardin Young SandlerReiff
Washington, DC
Eric H. Zagrans Zagrans Law Firm LLC
Elyria, OH