Donor Profiles

By providing generous and thoughtful philanthropic support to The American Law Institute’s Second Century Campaign, all donors are helping to ensure that ALI can continue to support the rule of law for the next 100 years. The profiles below highlight just a few of our donors. Please visit this page again, as more profiles will be added throughout the campaign.

     

  • Andréa and Ken Frazier

    The American Law Institute counts itself lucky to have Ken Frazier as a member (since 1996) and as a Council member (since 2003). Through the years, the Institute has been fortunate to have many of our projects benefit from his keen insight, not only as a Council member, but also an Adviser on the recently completed Restatement of the Law, Charitable Nonprofit Organizations, as well as on the ongoing Restatement of the Law, Corporate Governance and Principles of the Law, Policing projects. As we move toward our 100th Anniversary celebration, we couldn’t be more honored that he and his wife, Andréa, have made the Institute a part of their legacy through a donation to our Second Century Campaign from the Andréa W. and Kenneth C. Frazier Family Foundation.

    Andréa was born in New York City, where she graduated from Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School of Music & Art and Performing Arts and was also a member of the Youth Symphony Orchestra of New York. She earned her B.A. in political science and international relations from Tufts University and her M.A. in international relations and international law from the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. Ken was born in Philadelphia. He graduated from Northeast High School, earned his B.A. at Pennsylvania State University followed by his J.D. at Harvard Law School. (For details, listen to Ken’s oral history podcast episode.)

    After graduating, Andréa worked at New York University School of Law, where she met Ken, as she describes, “Ken and I met when I was an administrator at NYU School of Law, and I hosted programs nationwide in cities where our students wanted to work. Ken attended the program I hosted in Philadelphia and interviewed candidates for his law firm … and the rest, as they say, is history.”

    She then became a recruitment administrator at Fox Rothschild, and later managed recruitment programs at Cigna. In addition, she started her own interior design firm where she specialized in designing residential, commercial, and historical houses, including the homes of Betsy Ross and George Washington. Andréa was an adjunct professor at St. Joseph’s University where she taught international law and politics. 

    After law school, Ken began working at Drinker Biddle & Reath in Philadelphia. In 1988, he became a founding board member of the Cornerstone Christian Academy in Philadelphia where he continues serving today.

    The Fraziers are particularly proud of their founding and support of Cornerstone Academy in Philadelphia. Andréa explained, “Cornerstone Christian Academy is very important to us because it provides children from under-served and under-resourced areas in Philadelphia with an opportunity to get a better education. We understand firsthand the impact that education can have on one’s life. Ken and I were the beneficiaries of educational opportunities which gave us exposure to life outside of our respective communities. These opportunities and experiences changed the trajectory of our lives and brought us to where we are today. We feel strongly about the promise that education holds and wanted to provide others with the same opportunity and exposure that we were given.”

    Ken joined Merck 1992 and held positions of increasing responsibility, including General Counsel, President and Chief Executive Officer. He is currently Executive Chairman of Merck’s board of directors. Under Ken’s leadership, Merck delivered innovative lifesaving medicines and vaccines as well as long-term and sustainable value to its multiple stakeholders. Ken substantially increased Merck’s investment in research, including early research, while refocusing the organization on the launch and growth of key products that provide far-reaching benefits to society. He also led the formation of philanthropic and other initiatives that build on Merck’s 130-year legacy. General Catalyst announced that Ken would join the venture capital firm as Chairman, Health Assurance Initiatives in October.

    During his 2013 ALI Annual Meeting speech, Ken aptly described the work of the ALI as such, “The law is not simply a form of logical or deductive reasoning. The content of the rules matters. The methods by which the rules are developed matters. This is where The American Law Institute has made countless important contributions.”

    In addition to his service as an ALI member and on ALI’s Council, Ken sits on the boards of PhRMA, Weill Cornell Medicine, Exxon Mobil Corporation, Catalyst, the National Constitution Center, and Cornerstone Christian Academy in Philadelphia, PA. He is co-founder and co-chair of OneTen, a coalition of leading organizations committed to upskilling, hiring, and promoting one million Black Americans into family-sustaining jobs. OneTen is committed to facilitating a meaningful, measurable, and lasting impact on racial and economic justice. Ken also is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, The Business Council, the American Bar Association, and a Fellow of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia. Additionally, Ken is co-chair of the Legal Services Corporation’s Leaders Council.

    As a strong advocate for social justice and economic inclusion, Ken is the recipient of numerous awards and honors, including the Anti-Defamation League Courage Against Hate Award, the Botwinick Prize in Business Ethics from Columbia Business School, the Harvard Law School Association Award, the Legend in Leadership Award from the Yale School of Management, the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund National Equal Justice Award, and the National Minority Quality Forum’s Lifetime Achievement Award. In 2018, Ken was named one of the World’s Greatest Leaders by Fortune magazine and also was named one of TIME’s 100 Most Influential People, and again made that list this year. In 2019, he became the first recipient of the Forbes Lifetime Achievement Award for Healthcare. In 2021, his peers named Ken Chief Executive magazine’s CEO of the Year.

    Andréa has also served on multiple boards, including the Vickie and Jack Farber Institute for Neuroscience at Jefferson Health, the Ellis Marsalis Center for Music, Pratt Institute in New York, and Amsale Couture. Her professional affiliations include the American Society of Interior Designers, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Cornerstone Christian Academy, and The HistoryMakers. She is a long-time volunteer and supporter of the American Heart Association and recently joined the Southeastern Pennsylvania Board of Directors.

    Andréa and Ken have two children, Lauren and James.

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  • Victor E. Schwartz

    Victor E. Schwartz is a familiar face to ALI members new and old, having attended numerous project meetings, Annual Meetings, and even helping to introduce new members to the Institute at member receptions.

    A life member of the Institute, Victor has been involved in every portion of the Restatement Third of Torts, either as an Adviser or in the Members Consultative Group. Completed portions of this Restatement for which Victor served as an Adviser include Products Liability, Apportionment of Liability, Liability for Physical and Emotional Harm, and Liability for Economic Harm. He currently serves as an Adviser for two Restatement of the Law Third, Torts projects: Concluding Provisions and Remedies.

    “The ALI is a great fountain for learning after law school,” said Victor about his involvement in the Institute’s work. “One learns as one participates in the development of Restatements of Law, Principles projects, and other ALI work products. One learns from ALI Leadership and Reporters. One learns from other ALI Members. One builds lifelong friendships of mutual respect, including with those whose views about the law may sharply differ from your own.”

    Victor received his B.A. from Boston University and went on to earn his J.D. from Columbia Law School. Prior to entering the full-time practice of law, he was a professor and dean at the University of Cincinnati College of Law. He currently serves on the College of Law’s Board of Visitors. In 2012, the College established the Professor Victor E. Schwartz Chair in Tort Law. Victor is a frequent speaker at judicial education state and university programs. He continues to lecture to law students on tort law and how the court system interacts with the law. A co-author of the most widely used torts casebooks in the United States, Prosser, Wade and Schwartz’s Torts (14th ed. 2020), Victor continues to write law review articles on almost every major subject of modern tort and civil justice policy issues, which are frequently cited in state and federal courts.  Victor recounted how he met Dean Wade through the ALI, “The ALI Membership provided a gateway me to meet and team up with Restatement of Torts Second Reporter and brilliant scholar, Dean John W. Wade. Dean Wade enlisted me, a young and not well-known professor, as the third co-author of Prosser, Wade & Schwartz’s Torts. Co-authoring that casebook opened many opportunities in my professional life.” 

    When asked what drew him to the field of tort law after law school, Victor explained, “I had two Columbia law professors whose views about tort law and teaching style were very different. Professor Willis M. Reese, a prominent ALI member, projected tort law as hard rule, albeit with some ambiguity. Professor Alfred E. Hill saw torts law as a foggy mist and only ambiguity. My own teaching style combined both perspectives. I added a bit of my own. Both professors were entertainers and saw students as persons were bored of school for 16 years (or more) and needed that element in class. I totally agreed with that perspective. We are there to serve the students not the other way around.” 

    Today, Victor is a partner in the Washington office and co-chair of the Public Policy Practice Group at Shook Hardy & Bacon, where he has an active appellate practice and advises product manufacturers on liability prevention, litigation and public relations issues. He has blended scholarship with practical results, leading more than 200 state initiatives, passing bills in Congress, and filing amicus briefs that have affected U.S. Supreme Court cases.  

    Victor’s work in tort law intertwines with other institutions and organizations. While working for the U.S. Department of Commerce, he served as chair of the Federal Inter-Agency Task Force on Product Liability and the Federal Inter-Agency Council on Insurance. He was the principal author of the Uniform Product Liability Act and the Federal Risk Retention Act, and received the Professional Excellence Award from the Secretary of Commerce.   

    Looking to ALI’s next 100 years Victor expressed the hope, “that it is a positive influence on the law and encourages respect for the law among persons who may not agree on its content.” 

    The American Law Institute is forever grateful to Victor for all that he gives to the Institute’s work and membership.

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  • Conrad and Marsha HarperConrad and Marsha Harper

    Conrad and Marsha Harper are far from strangers to The American Law Institute. Conrad was elected to ALI membership in 1977 and to ALI Council in 1985. He served as Second Vice President from 1998 to 2000 and as First Vice President from 2000 to 2004, taking Council Emeritus status in 2011. In his nearly 44 years of service to the Institute, Conrad has attended more than 100 Annual Meetings, Council meetings, and project meetings, often accompanied by Marsha.

    “I was grateful and proud to be part of an institution whose goals are noble and whose means are exemplary,” said Conrad about his election to the Institute.  “The work of the ALI is central to improving the law in the never-ending quest for all of us to live in a just and ordered society.  In framing general statements of our mature judgment of the best legal rules and the best legal principles, we help all branches of government, organizations, and individuals to conduct themselves and interact with others in a rationally predictable and fair manner.”

    Conrad received his bachelor’s degree from Howard University in 1962 before graduating from Harvard Law School in 1965. Marsha received her bachelor’s degree from Newton College of the Sacred Heart (now Boston College) in 1964 and studied at New York University. The couple wed in 1965.  Conrad went to work for the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund in New York, and Marsha worked as a caseworker at Frances Schervier Home and Hospital.

    In 1971, Conrad joined Simpson Thacher, becoming the firm’s first African American partner in 1974.  At that time, Marsha was serving as the Executive Director of the Westchester Putnam chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union.  She later served on the New York State Board of the ACLU.

    When asked about the call to service that she and Conrad both feel, Marsha explained, “I believe—both of us believe—our rights, privileges, and duties require constant attention and support. As young adults in the 60s, we participated in demonstrations for civil rights.  We saw at firsthand the world could be changed by mobilized citizens.  Through the years we have served in and worked with civil rights organizations because we know freedoms are not free.  They endure and expand through organized effort.”

    Marsha is an Eucharistic Lay Minister and has been an execu­tive and consultant to nonprofit organizations.  She was the Deployment Officer for the Episcopal Diocese of Washington, served on the Board of the Virginia Theological Seminary, and was on the faculty of the CREDO Institute.  She is a Vestry member of the parish she and Conrad attend. Her memberships include the Brontë Society and the Edith Wharton Society. 

    Conrad has been Legal Adviser of the U.S. Department of State and a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague. This service and his practice in international law proved invaluable to ALI when he served as a Counselor on the Restatement of the Law Fourth, Foreign Relations Law of the U.S., and as an Adviser on Principles of Transnational Rules of Civil Procedure and Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments.

    In 1990, Conrad was the first African American elected President of the New York City Bar Association, where he worked to increase diversity within the association’s committees and governance.  He has been Co-Chair of the national Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law.  Conrad was the first African American appointed to the Harvard Corporation, Harvard University’s highest governing body, serving from 2000 to 2005. He has served as an officer or on the board of numerous organizations, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the New York Public Library, the William Nelson Cromwell Foundation, and the American Philosophical Society. He is a former Chancellor of the Episcopal Diocese of New York and a member of the American College of Trial Lawyers, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Council on Foreign Relations.  He and Marsha are life members of the Jane Austen Society of North America.

    Marsha and Conrad have two sons, Warren and Adam.

    The Harpers explained why it was important to them to contribute to the ALI at this time, saying, “We want to help assure the financial strength of the ALI so that it can continue to work on projects which may be controversial and not attractive to outside donors.  The ALI’s independence is essential to its integrity.” Conrad continued, “Of course, I cannot foresee specifics but I hope the ALI’s next hundred years exceed even the first hundred, borrowing the words of 1923, in promoting clarification and simplification of the law and its better adaption to social needs, securing the better administration of justice, and encouraging and carrying on scholarly and scientific legal work.”

    The ALI is forever grateful for Conrad’s time and wisdom through the years and to Conrad and Marsha for their generosity in ensuring that ALI may continue our work for another century.

    At the 2017 Annual Meeting, ALI’s Henry J. Friendly Medal was presented to Conrad. Established in memory of Judge Friendly and endowed by his former law clerks, the Friendly Medal is not awarded on an annual basis but reserved for recipients who are considered especially worthy of receiving it. The Medal recognizes contributions to the law in the tradition of Judge Friendly and the Institute and is not limited to ALI members or those associated with its projects.

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  • Roberta Cooper Ramo and Barry W. Ramo

    Roberta Cooper Ramo is well-known to The American Law Institute and its members, serving on the ALI Council (beginning in 1997) and as the Institute’s president from 2008 to 2017. Although Roberta’s leadership and support of the Institute has been easy to see as she presided over numerous Annual Meetings and Council meetings, participated on projects, led committees, and welcomed members to the Institute, we are also thankful to Dr. Barry Ramo’s ongoing support of the Institute as he and Roberta have been partners in career, community and charitable engagement, and family for more than 50 years.

    A Colorado native, Barry attended the University of Colorado in Boulder and received his medical degree from the University of Colorado School of Medicine. This is where Roberta and Barry met. She was an undergraduate student majoring in Italian and philosophy, and Barry was in his final year of medical school. As Barry describes it, they were clearly meant to be, “Roberta and I met on a blind date and got married three months later! As fate would have it, Roberta was admitted to the University of Chicago Law School and I matched with my first choice of internship also at the U of C. Both selected before we met. I fell in love with Roberta on our first date. Aside from her beauty and intellect, the ardor was particularly flamed when she ate very little of her roast beef and demurely asked the starving medical student, ‘Would you like the rest?’ That settled it.”

    After Barry completed his internal medicine residency at the University of Chicago and Roberta graduated from the University of Chicago Law School as one of only six women in the class, their next stop was North Carolina. Barry was in the Cardiology Department at Duke University and Roberta sought her first job as a lawyer. She quickly learned that finding employment as a woman lawyer was nearly impossible. She explained, “It was a series from nonresponses to outright rejections. It never occurred to me to stop looking for work. But without the help of the dean of the University of Chicago Law school at the time (Phil Neal, an ALI member) I might still be looking.” For one job application, the lawyer was impressed with her credentials and thought she was Robert A. Ramo. When he found out “Robert” was “Roberta,” he said their firm would never hire a woman.

    She eventually found a job with the Ford Foundation, then spent two years teaching constitutional law at historically black Shaw University in Raleigh at the height of the civil rights movement. On her first job experiences and lessons she carried forward through her career, Roberta said, “I was lucky enough to be in the company of first-rate lawyers. I learned to make sure I understood and verified the facts and to never do anything that didn’t seem quite right in any way.”

    Roberta and Barry spent some time in San Antonio before eventually moving to Roberta’s hometown of Albuquerque. There, she began working at the Rodey law firm and, after stints in sole practice, became a shareholder at Modrall Sperling where she has been in practice for the last 30 years. Barry partnered with two other cardiologists to launch what would become the New Mexico Heart Institute. “I loved New Mexico and was offered an opportunity to both be in private practice and to teach at the UNM Medical School,” Barry said of this, which would be their final move. “We thought it was a wonderful place to raise our children.”

    In 1991, Roberta was elected to The American Law Institute and to the ALI Council in 1997. Although she has been a dedicated member of the ALI for 30 years, her dedication to the ALI’s mission and its projects is most apparent during her 10 years as ALI president. During her presidency, The American Law Institute initiated 11 Restatements, including the first Restatement of American Indian Law, five Principles projects, as well as a project to revise the sexual assault provisions of the Model Penal Code. Under her leadership, six Restatements, three Principles, and the project to revise the Sentencing provisions of the Model Penal Code were completed. In addition, Roberta has served on numerous ALI committees, as an Adviser to ALI projects, and led the ALI Council and membership through countless difficult debates, including through the groundbreaking discussions on the death penalty during the Sentencing project.

    The Ramos explained why it was important to them to contribute to ALI’s Second Century campaign, saying, “We both believe that the American Democracy depends upon an effective judicial system and to fairness in its application. The work of the ALI in living up to its mission is more important now than ever. Without independent financial support, it cannot continue to do its deeply important work.” Roberta then added her thoughts about the Institute’s next 100 years, “I hope the ALI continues to do the work that is important to American society, controversial or not. And I hope that its culture of civil discourse on even the most controversial issues leads the rest of the country back to that kind of behavior from everyone, from leaders of our nation and members of congress and state governments to individual American citizens.”

    The American Law Institute is tremendously thankful to both Roberta and Barry for their support of the Second Century campaign, and to Roberta for her terrific leadership of the Institute for so many years, as well as for being a true trailblazer for women’s rights and advancement. Barry and Roberta still live in New Mexico. They have two children, Joshua and Jennifer, and three grandchildren, Carlos, Rafael and Aurelia. 

    In addition to her service to ALI, Roberta previously served as president of the American Bar Association from 1995 to 1996, the first woman in history to lead the largest nationwide organization of attorneys (she was presented the ABA Medal in 2015). She is the only lawyer to serve as both President of the ABA and the ALI. She is an elected member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a fellow of both the American College of Trust and Estate Counsel and the American Bar Foundation, and also serves as a panel member for the American Arbitration Association. In 2013, Roberta was elected Board Chair of Think New Mexico, a non-partisan think tank, and she serves as a member of the Board of the Santa Fe Opera and is a Past Chair of Albuquerque Economic Development.

    Barry is a cardiologist for the New Mexico Heart Institute, and holds medical professorships at the University of New Mexico and Duke University. He currently oversees the growth and development of the New Mexico Heart Institute Foundation and is the Medical Director of New Heart Cardiac Rehabilitation Center. He is also the medical editor at KOAT-TV.

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