Model Penal Code:

Sentencing

This work addresses the many changes in sentencing philosophy and practice that have taken place in the more than 40 years since these matters were first addressed in the Model Code. The project considers the contemporary controversy about the appropriate length of American criminal sentences and the present widespread dissatisfaction with the rules and procedures used to determine them. More information on the Code and Commentaries.

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  •  
    Black-Letter of Proposed Final Draft
    #1MPCSPFDBLSF

     

    Black-Letter extracted from Proposed Final Draft

     
  •  
    Proposed Final Draft
    Proposed Final Draft
    685 pages, 2017, #1MPCSPFD

    Project Status at a Glance  xii

    Foreword  xv

    Reporters’ Memorandum  xxi

    CHAPTER 1 BASIC LIABILITY INSURANCE CONTRACT RULES

    § 1. Definitions  1

    Topic 1: Interpretation

    2. Insurance-Policy Interpretation  8

    § 3. The Presumption in Favor of the Plain Meaning of Standard-Form Insurance-Policy Terms  16

    § 4. Ambiguous Terms  30

    Topic 2: Waiver and Estoppel

    § 5. Waiver  47

    § 6. Estoppel  59

    Topic 3: Misrepresentation

    § 7. Misrepresentation  69

    § 8. Materiality Requirement  81

    § 9. Reasonable-Reliance Requirement  88

    CHAPTER 2 MANAGEMENT OF POTENTIALLY INSURED LIABILITY CLAIMS

    Topic 1: Defense

    § 10. Scope of the Right to Defend  101

    § 11. Confidentiality  105

    § 12. Liability of Insurer for Conduct of Defense  111

    § 13. Conditions Under Which the Insurer Must Defend  114

    § 14. Duty to Defend: Basic Obligations  124

    § 15. Reserving the Right to Contest Coverage  132

    § 16. The Obligation to Provide an Independent Defense  141

    § 17. The Conduct of an Independent Defense  147

    § 18. Terminating the Duty to Defend a Legal Action  153

    § 19. Consequences of Breach of the Duty to Defend  162

    § 20. When Multiple Insurers Have a Duty to Defend  174

    § 21. Insurer Recoupment of the Costs of Defense  182

    § 22. Defense-Cost-Indemnification Policies  191

    § 23. The Right to Associate in the Defense  198

    Topic 2: Settlement

    § 24. The Insurer’s Duty to Make Reasonable Settlement Decisions  205

    § 25. The Effect of a Reservation of Rights on Settlement Rights and Duties  222

    § 26. The Effect of Multiple Claimants on the Duty to Make Reasonable Settlement Decisions  236

    § 27. Damages for Breach of the Duty to Make Reasonable Settlement Decisions  239

    § 28. Excess Insurer’s Right of Subrogation  250

    Topic 3: Cooperation

    § 29. The Insured’s Duty to Cooperate  254

    § 30. Consequences of the Breach of the Duty to Cooperate  261

    CHAPTER 3 GENERAL PRINCIPLES REGARDING THE RISKS INSURED

    Topic 1: Coverage

    § 31. Insuring Clauses  271

    § 32. Exclusions  273

    § 33. Timing of Events That Trigger Coverage  282

    Topic 2: Conditions

    § 34. Conditions in Liability Insurance Policies  294

    § 35. Consent or Approval of the Insurer as a Condition  299

    § 36. Notice and Reporting Conditions  303

    § 37. Assignment of Rights Under a Liability Insurance Policy  314

    Topic 3: Application of Limits, Retentions, and Deductibles

    § 38. Policy Limits  320

    § 39. Number of Accidents or Occurrences  322

    § 40. Excess Insurance: Exhaustion and Drop Down  329

    § 41. Indemnification from Multiple Policies: The General Rule  338

    § 42. Allocation in Long-Tail Harm Claims Covered by Occurrence-Based Policies  345

    § 43. Contribution  365

    § 44. The Effect of Partial Settlements on Amounts Owed by Non-Settling Insurers  371

    CHAPTER 4 ENFORCEABILITY AND REMEDIES

    Topic 1: Enforceability

    § 45. Implied-in-Law Terms and Restrictions  377

    § 46. Insurance of Liabilities Involving Aggravated Fault   380

    § 47. Insurance of Known Liabilities  390

    Topic 2: Remedies

    § 48. Remedies Potentially Available  398

    § 49. Damages for Breach of a Liability Insurance Policy  406

    § 50. Liability for Insurance Bad Faith  412

    § 51. Damages for Liability Insurance Bad Faith  420

    Appendix. Black Letter of Proposed Final Draft  429

    The Proposed Final Draft contains Part I, General Provisions; Art. 1 Preliminary; Art. 6 Authorized Disposition of Offenders; Art. 6X Collateral Consequences of Criminal Conviction; Art. 6A. Sentencing Commission; Art. 6B Sentencing Guidelines; Art. 7 Judicial Sentencing Authority; Art. 305 Prison Release; Correctional Populations Exceeding Capacity. This draft was approved by the membership at the 2017 Annual Meeting, subject to the discussion at the Meeting and to editorial prerogative. This material may be cited as representing the Institute’s position until the official text is published.

    685 pages, 2017, #1MPCSPFDE

    Project Status at a Glance  xii

    Foreword  xv

    Reporters’ Memorandum  xxi

    CHAPTER 1 BASIC LIABILITY INSURANCE CONTRACT RULES

    § 1. Definitions  1

    Topic 1: Interpretation

    2. Insurance-Policy Interpretation  8

    § 3. The Presumption in Favor of the Plain Meaning of Standard-Form Insurance-Policy Terms  16

    § 4. Ambiguous Terms  30

    Topic 2: Waiver and Estoppel

    § 5. Waiver  47

    § 6. Estoppel  59

    Topic 3: Misrepresentation

    § 7. Misrepresentation  69

    § 8. Materiality Requirement  81

    § 9. Reasonable-Reliance Requirement  88

    CHAPTER 2 MANAGEMENT OF POTENTIALLY INSURED LIABILITY CLAIMS

    Topic 1: Defense

    § 10. Scope of the Right to Defend  101

    § 11. Confidentiality  105

    § 12. Liability of Insurer for Conduct of Defense  111

    § 13. Conditions Under Which the Insurer Must Defend  114

    § 14. Duty to Defend: Basic Obligations  124

    § 15. Reserving the Right to Contest Coverage  132

    § 16. The Obligation to Provide an Independent Defense  141

    § 17. The Conduct of an Independent Defense  147

    § 18. Terminating the Duty to Defend a Legal Action  153

    § 19. Consequences of Breach of the Duty to Defend  162

    § 20. When Multiple Insurers Have a Duty to Defend  174

    § 21. Insurer Recoupment of the Costs of Defense  182

    § 22. Defense-Cost-Indemnification Policies  191

    § 23. The Right to Associate in the Defense  198

    Topic 2: Settlement

    § 24. The Insurer’s Duty to Make Reasonable Settlement Decisions  205

    § 25. The Effect of a Reservation of Rights on Settlement Rights and Duties  222

    § 26. The Effect of Multiple Claimants on the Duty to Make Reasonable Settlement Decisions  236

    § 27. Damages for Breach of the Duty to Make Reasonable Settlement Decisions  239

    § 28. Excess Insurer’s Right of Subrogation  250

    Topic 3: Cooperation

    § 29. The Insured’s Duty to Cooperate  254

    § 30. Consequences of the Breach of the Duty to Cooperate  261

    CHAPTER 3 GENERAL PRINCIPLES REGARDING THE RISKS INSURED

    Topic 1: Coverage

    § 31. Insuring Clauses  271

    § 32. Exclusions  273

    § 33. Timing of Events That Trigger Coverage  282

    Topic 2: Conditions

    § 34. Conditions in Liability Insurance Policies  294

    § 35. Consent or Approval of the Insurer as a Condition  299

    § 36. Notice and Reporting Conditions  303

    § 37. Assignment of Rights Under a Liability Insurance Policy  314

    Topic 3: Application of Limits, Retentions, and Deductibles

    § 38. Policy Limits  320

    § 39. Number of Accidents or Occurrences  322

    § 40. Excess Insurance: Exhaustion and Drop Down  329

    § 41. Indemnification from Multiple Policies: The General Rule  338

    § 42. Allocation in Long-Tail Harm Claims Covered by Occurrence-Based Policies  345

    § 43. Contribution  365

    § 44. The Effect of Partial Settlements on Amounts Owed by Non-Settling Insurers  371

    CHAPTER 4 ENFORCEABILITY AND REMEDIES

    Topic 1: Enforceability

    § 45. Implied-in-Law Terms and Restrictions  377

    § 46. Insurance of Liabilities Involving Aggravated Fault   380

    § 47. Insurance of Known Liabilities  390

    Topic 2: Remedies

    § 48. Remedies Potentially Available  398

    § 49. Damages for Breach of a Liability Insurance Policy  406

    § 50. Liability for Insurance Bad Faith  412

    § 51. Damages for Liability Insurance Bad Faith  420

    Appendix. Black Letter of Proposed Final Draft  429

    The Proposed Final Draft contains Part I, General Provisions; Art. 1 Preliminary; Art. 6 Authorized Disposition of Offenders; Art. 6X Collateral Consequences of Criminal Conviction; Art. 6A. Sentencing Commission; Art. 6B Sentencing Guidelines; Art. 7 Judicial Sentencing Authority; Art. 305 Prison Release; Correctional Populations Exceeding Capacity. This draft was approved by the membership at the 2017 Annual Meeting, subject to the discussion at the Meeting and to editorial prerogative. This material may be cited as representing the Institute’s position until the official text is published.<o:p></o:p>

     
  •  
    Tentative Draft No. 4
    Tentative Draft No. 4 - PDF
    166 pages, 2016, #1MPCSTD4

    Project Status at a Glance            xii

    Foreword            xiii

    Reporters’ Introduction                xix

    PART I. GENERAL PROVISIONS

    ARTICLE 1. PRELIMINARY

    Reporters’ Introductory Note to § 1.02(2)            1

    § 1.02(2). Purposes; Principles of Construction (Proposed Amendment of Earlier-Approved Provision)   2

    Comment            4

    a. Scope.              4

    b. Utilitarian purposes within limits.         5

    c. The sentencing commission and benchmarks of proportionality.           10

    d. Subconstitutional proportionality analysis in the courts.            11

    e. Assessment constraints on utilitarian purposes             11

    f. Prohibition on unnecessary severity.  12

    g. The principle of “do no harm.”              13

    h. Systemic purposes.    14

    i. Preservation of judicial discretion.        15

    j. Consistency of analysis.             16

    k. Elimination of inequities in sentencing.             17

    l. Correctional resource management.   19

    m. Humane administration of sanctions.               20

    n. Promotion of research.            22

    o. Transparency, accountability, and legitimacy of the sentencing system.            23

    p. States choosing an advisory-guidelines system.            24

    q. Recommended revisions of § 1.02(2) for an advisory system. 24

    Reporters’ Note                  25

    ARTICLE 6. AUTHORIZED DISPOSITION OF OFFENDERS

    Reporters’ Introductory Note to § 6.04A               40

    § 6.04A. Victim Restitution (Proposed Amendment of Earlier-Approved Provision)           40

    Comment            43

    a. Scope.              43

    b. State constitutional provisions.             44

    c. Mandatory versus discretionary victim restitution.       44

    d. Recovery limited to losses from the offense of conviction.      46

    e. Purposes of victim restitution.              46

    f. Definition of “victim.”.               47

    g. Losses recoverable; definition of “economic losses.”  47

    h. Consideration of offender’s financial circumstances.  48

    i. Multiple victims.           48

    j. Multiple offenders      48

    k. Process for proof of economic losses.                51

    l. Effects of victim-restitution orders on civil proceedings.             51

    Reporters’ Note               52

    § 6.07. Credit Against the Sentence for Time Spent in Custody (New Provision)  67

    Comment            68

    Scope    68

    Credit for custody on related conduct    68

    Credit on all concurrent sentences           69

    Credit for time served in connection with a vacated sentence     69

    Measuring custody         69

    Defining custody              69

    Finding a nexus between custody and the sentence       70

    Determination of credit                70

    Reporters’ Note               71

    Original Provision             75

    § 6.14. Restorative Justice Practices (New Provision)       75

    Comment            77

    Scope    77

    Purposes of restorative justice  79

    Need for informed consent.       79

    Using a restorative justice practice to select a disposition              79

    Guarding against abuses of restorative justice practices.     80

    Using a restorative justice practice for purposes other than sentencing.                80

    Facilitating victim–offender communication.       81

    Qualifications of facilitators.        81

    Reporters’ Note                  81

    ARTICLE 6B. SENTENCING GUIDELINES

    Reporters’ Introductory Note to § 6B.07    84

    § 6B.07. Use of Criminal History (Proposed Amendment of Earlier-Approved      Provision)            85

    Comment            87

    a. Scope.              87

    b. Broad discretion to the commission.  87

    c. The commission’s deliberations; required considerations.        88

    d. Juvenile adjudications.             91

    e. Limitation periods.     92

    f. Monitoring criminal history’s impact.  93

    g. States choosing an advisory-guidelines system.            94

    Reporters’ Note    95

    Appendix A. Model Penal Code: Sentencing, Proposed Final Table of Contents  103

    Appendix B. Black Letter of Tentative Draft No. 4              111

    Appendix C. Other Relevant Black-Letter Text    123

    Tentative Draft No. 4 contains Part I, General Provisions; Art. 1 Preliminary § 1.02 (2); Art. 6 Authorized Disposition of Offenders §§ 6.04A, 6.07, 6.14); Art. 6B Sentencing Guidelines (§§ 6B.07). At the 2016 Annual Meeting, the membership approved motions to amend §§ 6.04A and 6B.07 of this draft; The amended draft was then approved subject to the discussion at the Meeting and the usual editorial prerogative.

    166 pages, 2016, #1MPCSTD4E

    Project Status at a Glance            xii

    Foreword            xiii

    Reporters’ Introduction                xix

    PART I. GENERAL PROVISIONS

    ARTICLE 1. PRELIMINARY

    Reporters’ Introductory Note to § 1.02(2)            1

    § 1.02(2). Purposes; Principles of Construction (Proposed Amendment of Earlier-Approved Provision)   2

    Comment            4

    a. Scope.              4

    b. Utilitarian purposes within limits.         5

    c. The sentencing commission and benchmarks of proportionality.           10

    d. Subconstitutional proportionality analysis in the courts.            11

    e. Assessment constraints on utilitarian purposes             11

    f. Prohibition on unnecessary severity.  12

    g. The principle of “do no harm.”              13

    h. Systemic purposes.    14

    i. Preservation of judicial discretion.        15

    j. Consistency of analysis.             16

    k. Elimination of inequities in sentencing.             17

    l. Correctional resource management.   19

    m. Humane administration of sanctions.               20

    n. Promotion of research.            22

    o. Transparency, accountability, and legitimacy of the sentencing system.            23

    p. States choosing an advisory-guidelines system.            24

    q. Recommended revisions of § 1.02(2) for an advisory system. 24

    Reporters’ Note                  25

    ARTICLE 6. AUTHORIZED DISPOSITION OF OFFENDERS

    Reporters’ Introductory Note to § 6.04A               40

    § 6.04A. Victim Restitution (Proposed Amendment of Earlier-Approved Provision)           40

    Comment            43

    a. Scope.              43

    b. State constitutional provisions.             44

    c. Mandatory versus discretionary victim restitution.       44

    d. Recovery limited to losses from the offense of conviction.      46

    e. Purposes of victim restitution.              46

    f. Definition of “victim.”.               47

    g. Losses recoverable; definition of “economic losses.”  47

    h. Consideration of offender’s financial circumstances.  48

    i. Multiple victims.           48

    j. Multiple offenders      48

    k. Process for proof of economic losses.                51

    l. Effects of victim-restitution orders on civil proceedings.             51

    Reporters’ Note               52

    § 6.07. Credit Against the Sentence for Time Spent in Custody (New Provision)  67

    Comment            68

    Scope    68

    Credit for custody on related conduct    68

    Credit on all concurrent sentences           69

    Credit for time served in connection with a vacated sentence     69

    Measuring custody         69

    Defining custody              69

    Finding a nexus between custody and the sentence       70

    Determination of credit                70

    Reporters’ Note               71

    Original Provision             75

    § 6.14. Restorative Justice Practices (New Provision)       75

    Comment            77

    Scope    77

    Purposes of restorative justice  79

    Need for informed consent.       79

    Using a restorative justice practice to select a disposition              79

    Guarding against abuses of restorative justice practices.     80

    Using a restorative justice practice for purposes other than sentencing.                80

    Facilitating victim–offender communication.       81

    Qualifications of facilitators.        81

    Reporters’ Note                  81

    ARTICLE 6B. SENTENCING GUIDELINES

    Reporters’ Introductory Note to § 6B.07    84

    § 6B.07. Use of Criminal History (Proposed Amendment of Earlier-Approved      Provision)            85

    Comment            87

    a. Scope.              87

    b. Broad discretion to the commission.  87

    c. The commission’s deliberations; required considerations.        88

    d. Juvenile adjudications.             91

    e. Limitation periods.     92

    f. Monitoring criminal history’s impact.  93

    g. States choosing an advisory-guidelines system.            94

    Reporters’ Note    95

    Appendix A. Model Penal Code: Sentencing, Proposed Final Table of Contents  103

    Appendix B. Black Letter of Tentative Draft No. 4              111

    Appendix C. Other Relevant Black-Letter Text    123

    Tentative Draft No. 4 contains Part I, General Provisions; Art. 1 Preliminary § 1.02 (2); Art. 6 Authorized Disposition of Offenders §§ 6.04A, 6.07, 6.14); Art. 6B Sentencing Guidelines (§§ 6B.07). At the 2016 Annual Meeting, the membership approved motions to amend §§ 6.04A and 6B.07 of this draft; The amended draft was then approved subject to the discussion at the Meeting and the usual editorial prerogative.

     
  •  
    Model Penal Code: Sentencing, Tentative Draft No. 3
    Model Penal Code: Sentencing, Tentative Draft No. 3 - PDF
    200 pages, 2014, #1MPCSTD3

    Model Penal Code: Sentencing, Tentative Draft No. 3

    Softbound  | 1MPCSTD3  | 2014  | 200 pages  | $35.00 

    Foreword
    Reporters’ Introduction

    PART I. GENERAL PROVISIONS

    ARTICLE 6. AUTHORIZED DISPOSITION OF OFFENDERS
    § 6.02. Authorized Dispositions for Individuals
    § 6.02A. Deferred Prosecution
    § 6.02B. Deferred Adjudication
    § 6.03. Probation
    Reporters’ Introduction to Economic Sanctions Provisions
    § 6.04. Economic Sanctions; General Provisions
    § 6.04A. Victim Compensation
    § 6.04B. Fines
    § 6.04C. Asset Forfeitures
    § 6.04D. Costs, Fees, and Assessments
    § 6.09. Postrelease Supervision
    § 6.15. Violations of Probation or Postrelease Supervision
     
    ARTICLE 6x. COLLATERAL CONSEQUENCES OF CRIMINAL CONVICTION
    § 6x.01. Definitions
    § 6x.02. Sentencing Guidelines and Collateral Consequences
    § 6x.03. Voting and Jury Service
    § 6x.04. Notification of Collateral Consequences; Order of Relief
    § 6x.05. Orders of Relief for Convictions from Other Jurisdictions; Relief  Following the Termination of a Sentence
    § 6x.06. Certificate of Relief from Civil Disabilities 

    Appendix A. Proposed Complete Table of Contents for Part I, Articles 6, 6x, 6A, 6B, and 7, and Partial Contents for Parts III and IV
    Appendix B. Black Letter of Tentative Draft No. 3
    Appendix C. Other Relevant Black-Letter Text

     

    This draft covers portions of Part 1, General Provisions; Article 6, Authorized Disposition of Offenders; Article 6x, Collateral Consequences of Criminal Conviction.

    This draft was approved by the membership at the 2014 Annual Meeting, subject to the discussion at the Meeting and to editorial prerogative. This material may be cited as representing the Institute’s position until the official text is published.

    200 pages, 2014, #1MPCSTD3E

    Model Penal Code: Sentencing, Tentative Draft No. 3

    Softbound  | 1MPCSTD3  | 2014  | 200 pages  | $35.00 

    Foreword
    Reporters’ Introduction

    PART I. GENERAL PROVISIONS

    ARTICLE 6. AUTHORIZED DISPOSITION OF OFFENDERS
    § 6.02. Authorized Dispositions for Individuals
    § 6.02A. Deferred Prosecution
    § 6.02B. Deferred Adjudication
    § 6.03. Probation
    Reporters’ Introduction to Economic Sanctions Provisions
    § 6.04. Economic Sanctions; General Provisions
    § 6.04A. Victim Compensation
    § 6.04B. Fines
    § 6.04C. Asset Forfeitures
    § 6.04D. Costs, Fees, and Assessments
    § 6.09. Postrelease Supervision
    § 6.15. Violations of Probation or Postrelease Supervision
     
    ARTICLE 6x. COLLATERAL CONSEQUENCES OF CRIMINAL CONVICTION
    § 6x.01. Definitions
    § 6x.02. Sentencing Guidelines and Collateral Consequences
    § 6x.03. Voting and Jury Service
    § 6x.04. Notification of Collateral Consequences; Order of Relief
    § 6x.05. Orders of Relief for Convictions from Other Jurisdictions; Relief  Following the Termination of a Sentence
    § 6x.06. Certificate of Relief from Civil Disabilities 

    Appendix A. Proposed Complete Table of Contents for Part I, Articles 6, 6x, 6A, 6B, and 7, and Partial Contents for Parts III and IV
    Appendix B. Black Letter of Tentative Draft No. 3
    Appendix C. Other Relevant Black-Letter Text

     

    This draft covers portions of Part 1, General Provisions; Article 6, Authorized Disposition of Offenders; Article 6x, Collateral Consequences of Criminal Conviction.

    This draft was approved by the membership at the 2014 Annual Meeting, subject to the discussion at the Meeting and to editorial prerogative. This material may be cited as representing the Institute’s position until the official text is published.

     
  •  
    Model Penal Code: Sentencing, Discussion Draft No. 5
    Model Penal Code: Sentencing, Discusson Draft No. 5 - PDF
    204 pages, 2013, #1MPCSDD5

    Model Penal Code: Sentencing, Discussion Draft No. 5

    Softbound  | 1MPCSDD5  | 2013  | 204 pages  | $35.00 

    Foreword
    Reporters’ Memorandum 

    PART I. GENERAL PROVISIONS
    ARTICLE 6. AUTHORIZED DISPOSITION OF OFFENDERS
    § 6.02. Authorized Dispositions for Individuals
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    Original Provision
    § 6.02A. Deferred Prosecution
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    Statutory Note
    § 6.02B. Deferred Adjudication
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    Original Provision
    Statutory Note
    § 6.03. Probation
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    Original Provisions
    § 6.04. Economic Sanctions
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    Original Provisions
    Statutory Note
    § 6.09. Postrelease Supervision
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    Original Provision
    § 6.13. Specialized Courts
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    § 6.15. Violations of Probation or Postrelease Supervision
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    Original Provisions
    Statutory Note

    ARTICLE 6x. COLLATERAL CONSEQUENCES OF CRIMINAL CONVICTION
    § 6x.01. Definitions
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    § 6x.02. Sentencing Guidelines and Collateral Consequences
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    § 6x.03. Voting and Jury Service
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    § 6x.04. Notification of Collateral Sanctions; Order of Relief
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    § 6x.05. Termination of Collateral Sanctions
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    § 6x.06. Certificate of Good Conduct
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note

    PART III. TREATMENT AND CORRECTION
    ARTICLE 300. RESEARCH AND EVALUATION
    § 300.1. Criminal-Justice Research Agency
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    Original Provision

    Appendix A. Proposed Complete Table of Contents for Part I, Articles 6, 6x, 6A, 6B, and 7, and Partial Contents for Parts III and IV
    Appendix B. Black Letter of Discussion Draft No. 5

    This draft covers portions of Part 1, Article 6, Authorized Disposition of Offenders; Article 6x, collateral Consequences of Criminal Conviction: and Part III, Article 300, Research and Evaluation. It was submitted, for discussion only, at the 2013 Annual Meeting.

    204 pages, 2013, #1MPCSDD5E

    Model Penal Code: Sentencing, Discussion Draft No. 5

    Softbound  | 1MPCSDD5  | 2013  | 204 pages  | $35.00 

    Foreword
    Reporters’ Memorandum 

    PART I. GENERAL PROVISIONS
    ARTICLE 6. AUTHORIZED DISPOSITION OF OFFENDERS
    § 6.02. Authorized Dispositions for Individuals
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    Original Provision
    § 6.02A. Deferred Prosecution
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    Statutory Note
    § 6.02B. Deferred Adjudication
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    Original Provision
    Statutory Note
    § 6.03. Probation
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    Original Provisions
    § 6.04. Economic Sanctions
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    Original Provisions
    Statutory Note
    § 6.09. Postrelease Supervision
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    Original Provision
    § 6.13. Specialized Courts
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    § 6.15. Violations of Probation or Postrelease Supervision
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    Original Provisions
    Statutory Note

    ARTICLE 6x. COLLATERAL CONSEQUENCES OF CRIMINAL CONVICTION
    § 6x.01. Definitions
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    § 6x.02. Sentencing Guidelines and Collateral Consequences
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    § 6x.03. Voting and Jury Service
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    § 6x.04. Notification of Collateral Sanctions; Order of Relief
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    § 6x.05. Termination of Collateral Sanctions
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    § 6x.06. Certificate of Good Conduct
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note

    PART III. TREATMENT AND CORRECTION
    ARTICLE 300. RESEARCH AND EVALUATION
    § 300.1. Criminal-Justice Research Agency
    Comment
    Reporters’ Note
    Original Provision

    Appendix A. Proposed Complete Table of Contents for Part I, Articles 6, 6x, 6A, 6B, and 7, and Partial Contents for Parts III and IV
    Appendix B. Black Letter of Discussion Draft No. 5

    This draft covers portions of Part 1, Article 6, Authorized Disposition of Offenders; Article 6x, collateral Consequences of Criminal Conviction: and Part III, Article 300, Research and Evaluation. It was submitted, for discussion only, at the 2013 Annual Meeting.

     
  •  
    Model Penal Code: Sentencing, Discussion Draft No. 4
    Model Penal Code: Sentencing, Discussion Draft No. 4 - PDF
    161 pages, 2012, #1MPCSDD4

    Model Penal Code: Sentencing, Discussion Draft No. 4

    Softbound  | 1MPCSDD4  | 2012  | 161 pages  | $30.00

    PART I. GENERAL PROVISIONS
    ARTICLE 6. AUTHORIZED DISPOSITION OF OFFENDERS 

    § 6.02. Authorized Dispositions for Individuals 
    Original Provision  

    § 6.02A. Deferred Prosecution 
    Statutory Note 

    § 6.02B. Deferred Adjudication 
    Original Provision 
    Statutory Note 

    § 6.03. Probation 
    Original Provisions 

    § 6.04. Economic Sanctions 
    Original Provisions 
    Statutory Note 

    § 6.08. Notification of Collateral Sanctions; Order of Relief 
    Statutory Note 

    § 6.09. Postrelease Supervision  
    Original Provision 

    § 6.10. Termination of Collateral Sanctions  

    § 6.13. Dispositions for Offenders in Need of Substance-Abuse Treatment Original Provision 

    § 6.14. Restorative Justice Procedures  

    ARTICLE 6B. SENTENCING GUIDELINES 

    § 6B.02A. Sentencing Guidelines and Collateral Consequences 
    Statutory Note  

    PART III. TREATMENT AND CORRECTION
    ARTICLE 306. LOSS AND RESTORATION OF RIGHTS INCIDENT TO CONVICTION OR IMPRISONMENT 

    § 306.1. Certificate of Good Conduct 
    Original Provision 
    Statutory Note 

    Appendix A. Proposed Complete Table of Contents for Part I, Articles 6, 6A, 6B, and 7, and Partial Contents for Parts III and IV 

    Appendix B. Black Letter of Discussion Draft No. 4 

    This draft covers portions of Part 1, Article 6, Authorized Disposition of Offenders; Part 1, Article 6B, Sentencing Guidelines, and Part III, Article 306, Loss and Restoration of Rights Incident to Conviction or Imprisonment. It was submitted, for discussion only, at the 2012 Annual Meeting.

    161 pages, 2012, #1MPCSDD4E

    Model Penal Code: Sentencing, Discussion Draft No. 4

    Softbound  | 1MPCSDD4  | 2012  | 161 pages  | $30.00

    PART I. GENERAL PROVISIONS
    ARTICLE 6. AUTHORIZED DISPOSITION OF OFFENDERS 

    § 6.02. Authorized Dispositions for Individuals 
    Original Provision  

    § 6.02A. Deferred Prosecution 
    Statutory Note 

    § 6.02B. Deferred Adjudication 
    Original Provision 
    Statutory Note 

    § 6.03. Probation 
    Original Provisions 

    § 6.04. Economic Sanctions 
    Original Provisions 
    Statutory Note 

    § 6.08. Notification of Collateral Sanctions; Order of Relief 
    Statutory Note 

    § 6.09. Postrelease Supervision  
    Original Provision 

    § 6.10. Termination of Collateral Sanctions  

    § 6.13. Dispositions for Offenders in Need of Substance-Abuse Treatment Original Provision 

    § 6.14. Restorative Justice Procedures  

    ARTICLE 6B. SENTENCING GUIDELINES 

    § 6B.02A. Sentencing Guidelines and Collateral Consequences 
    Statutory Note  

    PART III. TREATMENT AND CORRECTION
    ARTICLE 306. LOSS AND RESTORATION OF RIGHTS INCIDENT TO CONVICTION OR IMPRISONMENT 

    § 306.1. Certificate of Good Conduct 
    Original Provision 
    Statutory Note 

    Appendix A. Proposed Complete Table of Contents for Part I, Articles 6, 6A, 6B, and 7, and Partial Contents for Parts III and IV 

    Appendix B. Black Letter of Discussion Draft No. 4 

    This draft covers portions of Part 1, Article 6, Authorized Disposition of Offenders; Part 1, Article 6B, Sentencing Guidelines, and Part III, Article 306, Loss and Restoration of Rights Incident to Conviction or Imprisonment. It was submitted, for discussion only, at the 2012 Annual Meeting.

     
  •  
    Model Penal Code: Sentencing, Tentative Draft No. 2
    Model Penal Code: Sentencing, Tentative Draft No. 2 - PDF
    192 pages, 2011, #1MPCSTD2

    Model Penal Code: Sentencing Tentative Draft No. 2

    Softbound  | 1MPCSTD2  | 2011  | 192 pages  | $30.00 

    PART I. GENERAL PROVISIONS
    ARTICLE 6. AUTHORIZED DISPOSITION OF OFFENDERS

    § 6.01. Grading of Felonies and Misdemeanors 1
    Comment 1
    a. Scope 1
    b. General grading scheme 2
    c. Degrees of felonies 2
    d. Grading of misdemeanors 3
    e. Violations 3
    Reporter’s Note 3
    Original Provision 4

    § 6.06. Sentence of Imprisonment 4
    Comment 5
    a. Scope 5
    b. Maximum authorized terms for felony offenses 10
    (1) Most severe available penalty 10
    (2) Life sentences 12
    (3) Penultimate maximum penalties 16
    (4) Least serious felonies 17
    c. Maximum authorized terms for misdemeanor offenses. 17
    d. Disapproval of mandatory-minimum prison sentences 18
    e. Elimination of parole-release authority 25
    Reporter’s Note 27
    Original Provisions 34

    § 6.11A. Sentencing of Offenders Under the Age of 18 35
    Comment 37
    a. Scope 37
    b. Setting the legal boundary at age 18 37
    c. Purposes of sentencing and offenders under 18 38
    (1) Blameworthiness 40
    (2) Potential for rehabilitation 40
    (3) Harm prevention 41
    (4) Small group of serious violent offenders. 41
    (5) Deterrence 41
    d. Availability of juvenile-court sanctions. 41
    e. Mandatory juvenile disposition 42
    f. Authority to deviate from mandatory penalties 43
    g. Cap on severity of prison sentences 44
    h. Eligibility for sentence modification 44
    i. Sentencing guidelines 45
    j. Prohibition on housing juveniles in adult institutions 45
    k. Selective extension of this provision to older offenders 45
    Reporter’s Note 46
    Original Provision 51

    ARTICLE 6B. SENTENCING GUIDELINES

    § 6B.09. Evidence-Based Sentencing; Offender Treatment Needs and Risk of Reoffending 52
    Comment 53
    a. Scope 53
    b. Offender needs assessments 55
    c. Risk assessment and judicial discretion 55
    d. Low-risk offenders 56
    e. High-risk offenders 56
    f. Reasonable feasibility 57
    g. Proportionality constraints 57
    h. Provision requires adequate funding 58
    Reporter’s Note 58
    Statutory Note 63

    PART III. TREATMENT AND CORRECTION
    ARTICLE 305. PRISON RELEASE AND POSTRELEASE SUPERVISION

    § 305.1. Good-Time Reductions of Prison Terms; Reductions for Program
    Participation 65
    Comment 65
    a. Scope 65
    b. Amount of credits available 68
    c. Deductions from mandatory prison terms 69
    d. Grounds for forfeiture of credits 70
    e. Vesting 70
    Reporter’s Note 71
    Original Provision 75

    § 305.6. Modification of Long-Term Prison Sentences; Principles for Legislation 75
    Comment 77
    a. Scope 77
    b. A “second look” at long-term sentences 79
    c. Time periods 80
    d. Identity of the official decisionmaker 82
    e. Assistance to eligible prisoners 85
    f. Model of decisionmaking; substantive standard. 85
    g. What modifications are permitted 87
    h. Minimum procedural requirements 88
    i. Appeals 89
    j. Sentencing guidelines 89
    k. Retroactivity 90
    Reporter’s Note 91

    § 305.7. Modification of Prison Sentences in Circumstances of Advanced Age, Physical or Mental Infirmity, Exigent Family Circumstances, or Other Compelling Reasons 97
    Comment 98
    a. Scope 98
    b. Criteria for eligibility 98
    c. Identity of decisionmaker 100
    d. Assistance provided by department of corrections 101
    e. Assignment and screening of applications 101
    f. Appointment of counsel 102
    g. Minimum hearing procedures 102
    h. Substantive standard for sentence modification 102
    i. What modifications are permitted 102
    j. Transition to outside medical and mental-health care 103
    k. Sentencing guidelines 103
    Reporter’s Note 103

    Appendix A. Proposed Deletions of Provisions 111
    Appendix B. Reporter’s Study: The Question of Parole-Release Authority 121
    Appendix C. Black Letter of Tentative Draft No. 2 161

     

    Tentative Draft No. 2 addresses central policies of sentencing: how a state should determine the statutory lengths of prison sentences for particular crimes; when life sentences without the possibility of parole should be allowed; mandatory-minimum sentences (the draft opposes them); a procedure for later reconsideration of prison sentences longer than 15 years; and questions at both ends of the age spectrum: juvenile sentences on the one hand and compassionate release as a possibility for elderly prisoners on the other.
    This draft was approved by the membership at the 2011 Annual Meeting, subject to the discussion at the Meeting and to editorial prerogative.  This material may be cited as representing the Institute’s position until the official text is published.

    192 pages, 2011, #1MPCSTD2E

    Model Penal Code: Sentencing Tentative Draft No. 2

    Softbound  | 1MPCSTD2  | 2011  | 192 pages  | $30.00 

    PART I. GENERAL PROVISIONS
    ARTICLE 6. AUTHORIZED DISPOSITION OF OFFENDERS

    § 6.01. Grading of Felonies and Misdemeanors 1
    Comment 1
    a. Scope 1
    b. General grading scheme 2
    c. Degrees of felonies 2
    d. Grading of misdemeanors 3
    e. Violations 3
    Reporter’s Note 3
    Original Provision 4

    § 6.06. Sentence of Imprisonment 4
    Comment 5
    a. Scope 5
    b. Maximum authorized terms for felony offenses 10
    (1) Most severe available penalty 10
    (2) Life sentences 12
    (3) Penultimate maximum penalties 16
    (4) Least serious felonies 17
    c. Maximum authorized terms for misdemeanor offenses. 17
    d. Disapproval of mandatory-minimum prison sentences 18
    e. Elimination of parole-release authority 25
    Reporter’s Note 27
    Original Provisions 34

    § 6.11A. Sentencing of Offenders Under the Age of 18 35
    Comment 37
    a. Scope 37
    b. Setting the legal boundary at age 18 37
    c. Purposes of sentencing and offenders under 18 38
    (1) Blameworthiness 40
    (2) Potential for rehabilitation 40
    (3) Harm prevention 41
    (4) Small group of serious violent offenders. 41
    (5) Deterrence 41
    d. Availability of juvenile-court sanctions. 41
    e. Mandatory juvenile disposition 42
    f. Authority to deviate from mandatory penalties 43
    g. Cap on severity of prison sentences 44
    h. Eligibility for sentence modification 44
    i. Sentencing guidelines 45
    j. Prohibition on housing juveniles in adult institutions 45
    k. Selective extension of this provision to older offenders 45
    Reporter’s Note 46
    Original Provision 51

    ARTICLE 6B. SENTENCING GUIDELINES

    § 6B.09. Evidence-Based Sentencing; Offender Treatment Needs and Risk of Reoffending 52
    Comment 53
    a. Scope 53
    b. Offender needs assessments 55
    c. Risk assessment and judicial discretion 55
    d. Low-risk offenders 56
    e. High-risk offenders 56
    f. Reasonable feasibility 57
    g. Proportionality constraints 57
    h. Provision requires adequate funding 58
    Reporter’s Note 58
    Statutory Note 63

    PART III. TREATMENT AND CORRECTION
    ARTICLE 305. PRISON RELEASE AND POSTRELEASE SUPERVISION

    § 305.1. Good-Time Reductions of Prison Terms; Reductions for Program
    Participation 65
    Comment 65
    a. Scope 65
    b. Amount of credits available 68
    c. Deductions from mandatory prison terms 69
    d. Grounds for forfeiture of credits 70
    e. Vesting 70
    Reporter’s Note 71
    Original Provision 75

    § 305.6. Modification of Long-Term Prison Sentences; Principles for Legislation 75
    Comment 77
    a. Scope 77
    b. A “second look” at long-term sentences 79
    c. Time periods 80
    d. Identity of the official decisionmaker 82
    e. Assistance to eligible prisoners 85
    f. Model of decisionmaking; substantive standard. 85
    g. What modifications are permitted 87
    h. Minimum procedural requirements 88
    i. Appeals 89
    j. Sentencing guidelines 89
    k. Retroactivity 90
    Reporter’s Note 91

    § 305.7. Modification of Prison Sentences in Circumstances of Advanced Age, Physical or Mental Infirmity, Exigent Family Circumstances, or Other Compelling Reasons 97
    Comment 98
    a. Scope 98
    b. Criteria for eligibility 98
    c. Identity of decisionmaker 100
    d. Assistance provided by department of corrections 101
    e. Assignment and screening of applications 101
    f. Appointment of counsel 102
    g. Minimum hearing procedures 102
    h. Substantive standard for sentence modification 102
    i. What modifications are permitted 102
    j. Transition to outside medical and mental-health care 103
    k. Sentencing guidelines 103
    Reporter’s Note 103

    Appendix A. Proposed Deletions of Provisions 111
    Appendix B. Reporter’s Study: The Question of Parole-Release Authority 121
    Appendix C. Black Letter of Tentative Draft No. 2 161

     

    Tentative Draft No. 2 addresses central policies of sentencing: how a state should determine the statutory lengths of prison sentences for particular crimes; when life sentences without the possibility of parole should be allowed; mandatory-minimum sentences (the draft opposes them); a procedure for later reconsideration of prison sentences longer than 15 years; and questions at both ends of the age spectrum: juvenile sentences on the one hand and compassionate release as a possibility for elderly prisoners on the other.
    This draft was approved by the membership at the 2011 Annual Meeting, subject to the discussion at the Meeting and to editorial prerogative.  This material may be cited as representing the Institute’s position until the official text is published.

     
  •  
    Model Penal Code: Sentencing, Discussion Draft No. 3
    Model Penal Code: Sentencing, Discussion Draft No. 3 - PDF
    31 pages, 2010, #1MPCSDD3

    Model Penal Code: Sentencing - Discussion Draft No. 3

    Softbound  | 1MPCSDD3  | 2010  | 31 pages  | $15.00 

    Foreword

    I. Determinate versus Indeterminate Sentencing Questions Recommended for Discussion

    II. Prison-Release Mechanisms Within a Generally Determinate Structure

    1. Good-Time Credits

    § 305.1. Reductions of Prison Terms for Good Behavior
    Question Recommended for Discussion

    2. Sentence Modification Based on Age or Infirmity, or for Extraordinary and Compelling Reasons

    § 305.7. Modification of Prison Sentences in Circumstances of Advanced Age or Physical or Mental Infirmity, or for Extraordinary and Compelling Reasons

    Questions Recommended for Discussion

    3. “Second-Look” Mechanism for Long Prison Sentences

    § 305.6. Modification of Long-Term Prison Sentences
    [Principles for Legislation]
    Questions Recommended for Discussion

    III. Life Sentences
    “Life Without Parole.”
    Life Sentences with Opportunity for Release
    Questions Recommended for Discussion

    IV. Needs and Risk Assessments of Offenders at Sentencing

    § 6B.09. Needs and Risk Assessments of Offenders
    Questions Recommended for Discussion

    V. Sentencing Juveniles Convicted in Adult Court7

    § 6.11A. Sentencing of Offenders Under the Age of 18
    Question Recommended for Discussion
    VI. Post-Release Supervision Terms
    Question Recommended for Discussion

    This draft is comprised of: questions recommended for discussion on the following topics; Determinate versus Indeterminate Sentencing; Prison-Release Mechanisms Within a Generally Determinate Structure; Life Sentences; Needs and Risk Assessments of Offenders at Sentencing; Sentencing Juveniles Convicted in Adult Court; Post-Release Supervision Terms. It was submitted, for discussion only, at the 2010 Annual Meeting.

    31 pages, 2010, #1MPCSDD3E

    Model Penal Code: Sentencing - Discussion Draft No. 3

    Softbound  | 1MPCSDD3  | 2010  | 31 pages  | $15.00 

    Foreword

    I. Determinate versus Indeterminate Sentencing Questions Recommended for Discussion

    II. Prison-Release Mechanisms Within a Generally Determinate Structure

    1. Good-Time Credits

    § 305.1. Reductions of Prison Terms for Good Behavior
    Question Recommended for Discussion

    2. Sentence Modification Based on Age or Infirmity, or for Extraordinary and Compelling Reasons

    § 305.7. Modification of Prison Sentences in Circumstances of Advanced Age or Physical or Mental Infirmity, or for Extraordinary and Compelling Reasons

    Questions Recommended for Discussion

    3. “Second-Look” Mechanism for Long Prison Sentences

    § 305.6. Modification of Long-Term Prison Sentences
    [Principles for Legislation]
    Questions Recommended for Discussion

    III. Life Sentences
    “Life Without Parole.”
    Life Sentences with Opportunity for Release
    Questions Recommended for Discussion

    IV. Needs and Risk Assessments of Offenders at Sentencing

    § 6B.09. Needs and Risk Assessments of Offenders
    Questions Recommended for Discussion

    V. Sentencing Juveniles Convicted in Adult Court7

    § 6.11A. Sentencing of Offenders Under the Age of 18
    Question Recommended for Discussion
    VI. Post-Release Supervision Terms
    Question Recommended for Discussion

    This draft is comprised of: questions recommended for discussion on the following topics; Determinate versus Indeterminate Sentencing; Prison-Release Mechanisms Within a Generally Determinate Structure; Life Sentences; Needs and Risk Assessments of Offenders at Sentencing; Sentencing Juveniles Convicted in Adult Court; Post-Release Supervision Terms. It was submitted, for discussion only, at the 2010 Annual Meeting.

     
  •  
    Model Penal Code: Sentencing, Discussion Draft No. 2
    Model Penal Code: Sentencing, Discussion Draft No. 2 - PDF
    200 pages, 2009, #1MPCSDD2

    Model Penal Code: Sentencing - Discussion Draft No. 2

    Softbound  | 1MPCSDD2  | 2009  | 200 pages  | $30.00

    Reporter’s Introduction
    Reporter’s Study: The Question of Parole Release Authority

    ARTICLE 6. AUTHORIZED DISPOSITION OF OFFENDERS
    § 6.01. Degrees of Felonies
    § 6.06. Sentence of Imprisonment for Felony
    § 6.07. Sentence of Imprisonment for Felony; Extended Terms (deleted)
    Reporter’s Note on Proposed Deletion
    § 6.08. Sentence of Imprisonment for Misdemeanors and Petty Misdemeanors
    § 6.09. Sentence for Imprisonment for Misdemeanors and Petty Misdemeanors; Extended Terms (deleted)
    Reporter’s Note on Proposed Deletion
    § 6.10. Determinate Sentences of Imprisonment; Postrelease Supervision
    § 6.10A. Prison Terms Subject to Modification of Sentence

    ARTICLE 6B. SENTENCING GUIDELINES
    § 6B.09. Needs and Risk Assessments of Offenders

    ARTICLE 7. AUTHORITY OF THE COURT IN SENTENCING
    § 7.03. Criteria for Sentence of Extended Term of Imprisonment; Felonies (deleted)
    Reporter’s Note on Proposed Deletion
    § 7.04. Criteria for Sentence of Extended Term of Imprisonment; Misdemeanors and Petty Misdemeanors (deleted)
    Reporter’s Note on Proposed Deletion
    § 7.09. Credit for Time of Detention Prior to Sentence; Credit for Imprisonment Under Earlier Sentence for Same Crime

    ARTICLE 305. PRISON RELEASE AND POSTRELEASE SUPERVISION
    § 305.1. Reductions of Prison Terms for Good Behavior
    § 305.6. Modification of Long-Term Prison Sentences [Principles for Legislation]
    § 305.7. Modification of Sentence in Circumstances of Advanced Age or Physical or Mental Infirmity
    General Plan for Revision: Parts III and IV of the 1962 Model Penal Code
    Table of Contents for Appendix
    Appendix: 1962 Model Penal Code, Parts III and IV

     

    This draft is comprised of Part 1. General Provisions. Part III. Treatment and Correction. General Plan for Revision: Parts III and IV. Appendix : 1962 Model Penal Code, Parts III and IV. It was submitted, for discussion only, at the 2009 Annual Meeting.

    200 pages, 2009, #1MPCSDD2E

    Model Penal Code: Sentencing - Discussion Draft No. 2

    Softbound  | 1MPCSDD2  | 2009  | 200 pages  | $30.00

    Reporter’s Introduction
    Reporter’s Study: The Question of Parole Release Authority

    ARTICLE 6. AUTHORIZED DISPOSITION OF OFFENDERS
    § 6.01. Degrees of Felonies
    § 6.06. Sentence of Imprisonment for Felony
    § 6.07. Sentence of Imprisonment for Felony; Extended Terms (deleted)
    Reporter’s Note on Proposed Deletion
    § 6.08. Sentence of Imprisonment for Misdemeanors and Petty Misdemeanors
    § 6.09. Sentence for Imprisonment for Misdemeanors and Petty Misdemeanors; Extended Terms (deleted)
    Reporter’s Note on Proposed Deletion
    § 6.10. Determinate Sentences of Imprisonment; Postrelease Supervision
    § 6.10A. Prison Terms Subject to Modification of Sentence

    ARTICLE 6B. SENTENCING GUIDELINES
    § 6B.09. Needs and Risk Assessments of Offenders

    ARTICLE 7. AUTHORITY OF THE COURT IN SENTENCING
    § 7.03. Criteria for Sentence of Extended Term of Imprisonment; Felonies (deleted)
    Reporter’s Note on Proposed Deletion
    § 7.04. Criteria for Sentence of Extended Term of Imprisonment; Misdemeanors and Petty Misdemeanors (deleted)
    Reporter’s Note on Proposed Deletion
    § 7.09. Credit for Time of Detention Prior to Sentence; Credit for Imprisonment Under Earlier Sentence for Same Crime

    ARTICLE 305. PRISON RELEASE AND POSTRELEASE SUPERVISION
    § 305.1. Reductions of Prison Terms for Good Behavior
    § 305.6. Modification of Long-Term Prison Sentences [Principles for Legislation]
    § 305.7. Modification of Sentence in Circumstances of Advanced Age or Physical or Mental Infirmity
    General Plan for Revision: Parts III and IV of the 1962 Model Penal Code
    Table of Contents for Appendix
    Appendix: 1962 Model Penal Code, Parts III and IV

     

    This draft is comprised of Part 1. General Provisions. Part III. Treatment and Correction. General Plan for Revision: Parts III and IV. Appendix : 1962 Model Penal Code, Parts III and IV. It was submitted, for discussion only, at the 2009 Annual Meeting.

     
  •  
    Model Penal Code: Sentencing, Tentative Draft No. 1
    Model Penal Code: Sentencing, Tentative Draft No. 1 - PDF
    100+ pages, 2007, #1MPCSTD1

    Model Penal Code: Sentencing - Tentative Draft No. 1

    Softbound  | 1MPCSTD1  | 2007  | 100+ pages  | $40.00 

    Summary of Contents

    Foreword
    Reporter’s Introductory Memorandum

    PART I. GENERAL PROVISIONS
    ARTICLE 1. PRELIMINARY
    § 1.02(2). Purposes; Principles of Construction

    ARTICLE 6A. AUTHORITY OF THE SENTENCING COMMISSION
    Reporter’s Introductory Note to Article 6A
    § 6A.01. Establishment and Purposes of Sentencing Commission
    § 6A.02. Membership of Sentencing Commission

    Alternative § 6A.02. Membership of Sentencing Commission
    § 6A.03. Staff of Sentencing Commission
    § 6A.04. Initial Responsibilities of Sentencing Commission
    § 6A.05. Ongoing Responsibilities of Sentencing Commission
    § 6A.06. Community Corrections Strategy
    § 6A.07. Projections Concerning Fiscal Impact, Correctional Resources, and Demographic Impacts
    § 6A.08. Ancillary Powers of Sentencing Commission
    § 6A.09. Omnibus Review of Sentencing System

    ARTICLE 6B. SENTENCING GUIDELINES
    Reporter’s Introductory Note to Article 6B
    § 6B.01. Definitions
    § 6B.02. Framework for Sentencing Guidelines
    § 6B.03. Purposes of Sentencing and Sentencing Guidelines
    § 6B.04. Presumptive Guidelines and Departures
    § 6B.05. Selection Among and Use of Sanctions [To be drafted]
    § 6B.06. Eligible Sentencing Considerations
    § 6B.07. Use of Criminal History
    § 6B.08. Sentences Upon Convictions of Multiple Offenses; Consecutive and Concurrent Sentences
    This provision is not submitted for approval as part of Tentative Draft No. 1. It is presented for informational purposes only.
    § 6B.09. Risk and Needs Assessments of Offenders [To be drafted]
    § 6B.10. Offenses Not Covered by Sentencing Guidelines
    § 6B.11. Effective Date of Sentencing Guidelines and Amendments
    Alternative § 6B.11. Effective Date of Sentencing Guidelines and Amendments

    ARTICLE 7. AUTHORITY OF THE COURT IN SENTENCING
    Reporter’s Introductory Note to Article 7
    § 7.XX. Judicial Authority to Individualize Sentences
    § 7.07A. Sentencing Proceedings; Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law
    § 7.07B. Sentencing Proceedings; Jury Factfinding
    § 7.ZZ. Appellate Review of Sentences 318
    This provision is not submitted for approval as part of Tentative Draft No. 1. It is presented for informational purposes only. 

    Appendix A. Black-Letter Provisions Amended to Establish a System of Advisory Sentencing
    Guidelines

    This draft covers Part I. Article 1, Preliminary, Article 6A. Authority of the Sentencing Commission, Article 6B. Sentencing Guidelines, Article 7. Authority of the Court in Sentencing and Appendix A. Black-Letter Provisions Amended to Establish a System of Advisory Sentencing Guidelines. It was approved by the membership at the 2007 Annual Meeting, subject to the discussion at that Meeting and to editorial prerogative. This material may be cited as representing the Institute’s position until the official text is published.

    100+ pages, 2007, #1MPCSTD1E

    Model Penal Code: Sentencing - Tentative Draft No. 1

    Softbound  | 1MPCSTD1  | 2007  | 100+ pages  | $40.00 

    Summary of Contents

    Foreword
    Reporter’s Introductory Memorandum

    PART I. GENERAL PROVISIONS
    ARTICLE 1. PRELIMINARY
    § 1.02(2). Purposes; Principles of Construction

    ARTICLE 6A. AUTHORITY OF THE SENTENCING COMMISSION
    Reporter’s Introductory Note to Article 6A
    § 6A.01. Establishment and Purposes of Sentencing Commission
    § 6A.02. Membership of Sentencing Commission

    Alternative § 6A.02. Membership of Sentencing Commission
    § 6A.03. Staff of Sentencing Commission
    § 6A.04. Initial Responsibilities of Sentencing Commission
    § 6A.05. Ongoing Responsibilities of Sentencing Commission
    § 6A.06. Community Corrections Strategy
    § 6A.07. Projections Concerning Fiscal Impact, Correctional Resources, and Demographic Impacts
    § 6A.08. Ancillary Powers of Sentencing Commission
    § 6A.09. Omnibus Review of Sentencing System

    ARTICLE 6B. SENTENCING GUIDELINES
    Reporter’s Introductory Note to Article 6B
    § 6B.01. Definitions
    § 6B.02. Framework for Sentencing Guidelines
    § 6B.03. Purposes of Sentencing and Sentencing Guidelines
    § 6B.04. Presumptive Guidelines and Departures
    § 6B.05. Selection Among and Use of Sanctions [To be drafted]
    § 6B.06. Eligible Sentencing Considerations
    § 6B.07. Use of Criminal History
    § 6B.08. Sentences Upon Convictions of Multiple Offenses; Consecutive and Concurrent Sentences
    This provision is not submitted for approval as part of Tentative Draft No. 1. It is presented for informational purposes only.
    § 6B.09. Risk and Needs Assessments of Offenders [To be drafted]
    § 6B.10. Offenses Not Covered by Sentencing Guidelines
    § 6B.11. Effective Date of Sentencing Guidelines and Amendments
    Alternative § 6B.11. Effective Date of Sentencing Guidelines and Amendments

    ARTICLE 7. AUTHORITY OF THE COURT IN SENTENCING
    Reporter’s Introductory Note to Article 7
    § 7.XX. Judicial Authority to Individualize Sentences
    § 7.07A. Sentencing Proceedings; Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law
    § 7.07B. Sentencing Proceedings; Jury Factfinding
    § 7.ZZ. Appellate Review of Sentences 318
    This provision is not submitted for approval as part of Tentative Draft No. 1. It is presented for informational purposes only. 

    Appendix A. Black-Letter Provisions Amended to Establish a System of Advisory Sentencing
    Guidelines

    This draft covers Part I. Article 1, Preliminary, Article 6A. Authority of the Sentencing Commission, Article 6B. Sentencing Guidelines, Article 7. Authority of the Court in Sentencing and Appendix A. Black-Letter Provisions Amended to Establish a System of Advisory Sentencing Guidelines. It was approved by the membership at the 2007 Annual Meeting, subject to the discussion at that Meeting and to editorial prerogative. This material may be cited as representing the Institute’s position until the official text is published.

     
  •  
    Model Penal Code: Sentencing, Discussion Draft
    Model Penal Code: Sentencing, Discussion Draft - PDF
    308 pages, 2006, #1MPCSDD

    Model Penal Code: Sentencing - Discussion Draft

    Print  | 1MPCSDD  | 2006  | 308 pages  | $35.00 

    Part I. General Provisions
    Article 1. Preliminary
    Article 6A. Authority of the Sentencing Commission
    Article 6B. Sentencing Guidelines
    Article 7. Authority of the Court in Sentencing
    Appendix A. Black-Letter Provisions Amended to Establish a System of
    Advisory Sentencing Guidelines

    This draft includes: Recommendations concerning the purposes of sentencing; Recommends and supplies basic structure for state sentencing commissions: Recommends and explains principles for state sentencing guideline systems; Recommends a system of judicial sentencing procedures. It was submitted, for discussion only, at the 2006 Annual Meeting.

    308 pages, 2006, #1MPCSDDE

    Model Penal Code: Sentencing - Discussion Draft

    Print  | 1MPCSDD  | 2006  | 308 pages  | $35.00 

    Part I. General Provisions
    Article 1. Preliminary
    Article 6A. Authority of the Sentencing Commission
    Article 6B. Sentencing Guidelines
    Article 7. Authority of the Court in Sentencing
    Appendix A. Black-Letter Provisions Amended to Establish a System of
    Advisory Sentencing Guidelines

    This draft includes: Recommendations concerning the purposes of sentencing; Recommends and supplies basic structure for state sentencing commissions: Recommends and explains principles for state sentencing guideline systems; Recommends a system of judicial sentencing procedures. It was submitted, for discussion only, at the 2006 Annual Meeting.

     
  •  
    Model Penal Code: Sentencing, 2003 Report
    145 pages, 2003, #1MPCSR

    Model Penal Code: Sentencing - 2003 Report

    Softbound  | 1MPCSR  | 2003  | 145 pages  | $20.00

    Assorted topics for discussion.

    This draft serves as a source of the discussion on the work ALI would like to accomplish on the Model Penal Code.