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Principles of the Law,

Government Ethics

This work enunciates principles and best practices that reflect the emerging law of government ethics and shape its future development. Focused on the legislative and executive branches of government, topics include public employee participation and use of public resources in election campaigns and partisan activities, gifts to public officials, conflicts of interest involving the private activities of public officials, the political uses of public office, post-employment restrictions, and administration and enforcement mechanisms.

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  •  
    Tentative Draft No. 2
    Tentative Draft No. 2
    132 pages, 2018, #1PGETD2

    Status at a Glance.......................................................................................................................... xii

    Foreword...................................................................................................................................... xiii

    Reporters’ Memorandum ............................................................................................................ xvii

    CHAPTER 2

    GIFTS FROM AND FINANCIAL RELATIONSHIPS

     WITH PROHIBITED SOURCES

    PART A

    GENERAL PRINCIPLE

    § 201. Restrictions on Gifts, Financial Transactions, and Financial Relationships.......................... 1

    PART B

    SPECIFIC PROVISIONS

    § 211. Definitions.......................................................................................................................... 10

    § 211A. Gift Solicited Because of Official Position..................................................................... 13

    § 212. Gift from a Prohibited Source............................................................................................ 14

    § 212A. Solicitation of Charitable Gift from a Prohibited Source................................................ 17

    § 213. Financial Transaction or Financial Relationship with a Prohibited Source......................... 18

    § 214. Gifts and Financial Transactions between Prohibited Sources and

                        Family Members of a Public Servant......................................................................... 26

    § 215. Prohibited Sources Who Are Also Family Members or Personal

    Friends of Public Servants........................................................................................ 30

    § 216. Gifts of Complimentary Attendance at Events.................................................................. 35

    § 217. Payments for Travel, Meals, and Lodging.......................................................................... 40

    § 218. Other Exceptions................................................................................................................. 45

    § 219. Agency Specific Variations................................................................................................. 50

    § 220. Gifts, Financial Transactions, and Financial Relationships between

    Public Servants........................................................................................................... 50

    § 221. Gifts to Legal-Defense Funds for Public Servants; Gifts of Legal

    Services to Public Servants........................................................................................ 53

    CHAPTER 5

    POST-GOVERNMENT EMPLOYMENT RESTRICTIONS

    Introductory Note.......................................................................................................................... 59

    PART A

    GENERAL PRINCIPLES

    § 501. Avoidance of Conflict of Interest On and After Leaving Public Service.......................... 60

    PART B

     SPECIFIC PROVISIONS

    § 511. Seeking Post-Government Employment............................................................................. 64

    § 512. Restriction on Post-Employment Participation in Particular Matters with

               Which the Former Public Servant Was Engaged as a Public Servant................................ 72

    § 513. Restriction on Appearances Before or Communications with Former

     Agency or Department..................................................................................................... 80

    Appendix A. Black Letter of Tentative Draft No. 2................................................................. 89

    Appendix B. Other Relevant Black-Letter Text..................................................................... 105

     

    Tentative Draft No. 2 contains Chapter 2, Gifts from and Financial Relationships with Prohibited Sources (§§201, 211-221) and a portion of Chapter 5, Post-Government Employment Restrictions (§§ 501, 511-513). The draft was approved by the membership at the 2018 Annual Meeting, subject to the discussion at the Meeting and the usual editorial prerogative. This material may be cited as representing the Institute’s position until the official text of the entire project is published.

    132 pages, 2018, #1PGETD2E

    Status at a Glance.......................................................................................................................... xii

    Foreword...................................................................................................................................... xiii

    Reporters’ Memorandum ............................................................................................................ xvii

    CHAPTER 2

    GIFTS FROM AND FINANCIAL RELATIONSHIPS

     WITH PROHIBITED SOURCES

    PART A

    GENERAL PRINCIPLE

    § 201. Restrictions on Gifts, Financial Transactions, and Financial Relationships.......................... 1

    PART B

    SPECIFIC PROVISIONS

    § 211. Definitions.......................................................................................................................... 10

    § 211A. Gift Solicited Because of Official Position..................................................................... 13

    § 212. Gift from a Prohibited Source............................................................................................ 14

    § 212A. Solicitation of Charitable Gift from a Prohibited Source................................................ 17

    § 213. Financial Transaction or Financial Relationship with a Prohibited Source......................... 18

    § 214. Gifts and Financial Transactions between Prohibited Sources and

                        Family Members of a Public Servant......................................................................... 26

    § 215. Prohibited Sources Who Are Also Family Members or Personal

    Friends of Public Servants........................................................................................ 30

    § 216. Gifts of Complimentary Attendance at Events.................................................................. 35

    § 217. Payments for Travel, Meals, and Lodging.......................................................................... 40

    § 218. Other Exceptions................................................................................................................. 45

    § 219. Agency Specific Variations................................................................................................. 50

    § 220. Gifts, Financial Transactions, and Financial Relationships between

    Public Servants........................................................................................................... 50

    § 221. Gifts to Legal-Defense Funds for Public Servants; Gifts of Legal

    Services to Public Servants........................................................................................ 53

    CHAPTER 5

    POST-GOVERNMENT EMPLOYMENT RESTRICTIONS

    Introductory Note.......................................................................................................................... 59

    PART A

    GENERAL PRINCIPLES

    § 501. Avoidance of Conflict of Interest On and After Leaving Public Service.......................... 60

    PART B

     SPECIFIC PROVISIONS

    § 511. Seeking Post-Government Employment............................................................................. 64

    § 512. Restriction on Post-Employment Participation in Particular Matters with

               Which the Former Public Servant Was Engaged as a Public Servant................................ 72

    § 513. Restriction on Appearances Before or Communications with Former

     Agency or Department..................................................................................................... 80

    Appendix A. Black Letter of Tentative Draft No. 2................................................................. 89

    Appendix B. Other Relevant Black-Letter Text..................................................................... 105

     

    Tentative Draft No. 2 contains Chapter 2, Gifts from and Financial Relationships with Prohibited Sources (§§201, 211-221) and a portion of Chapter 5, Post-Government Employment Restrictions (§§ 501, 511-513). The draft was approved by the membership at the 2018 Annual Meeting, subject to the discussion at the Meeting and the usual editorial prerogative. This material may be cited as representing the Institute’s position until the official text of the entire project is published.

     
  •  
    Tentative Draft No. 1
    Tentative Draft No. 1
    62 pages, 2015, #1PGETD1

    Foreword

    Reporter’s Memorandum

    Chapter 4 - The Election Related Activities of Public Servants

    § 401. Prohibition on the Use of Public Resources in Election Campaigns

    § 402. Prohibition on the Use of Public Resources for Communications in Election Campaigns

    § 403. Regulation of Publicly Funded Travel Related to Election Campaigns

    § 404. Restrictions on Public-Employee Participation in Election Campaigns and Partisan Activities

    Appendix. Black Letter of Tentative Draft No. 1

    This draft contains Chapter 4 which addresses the need to place limits on the ability of government officers and employees to use public resources for their personal or partisan benefit in elections. The draft was approved by the membership at the 2015 Annual Meeting, subject to discussion at the meeting, including a suggestion that the Reporters give due consideration to the issue of off-duty activities of public employees, and to editorial prerogative. This material may be cited as representing the Institute’s position until the official text is published.

    62 pages, 2015, #1PGETD1E

    Foreword

    Reporter’s Memorandum

    Chapter 4 - The Election Related Activities of Public Servants

    § 401. Prohibition on the Use of Public Resources in Election Campaigns

    § 402. Prohibition on the Use of Public Resources for Communications in Election Campaigns

    § 403. Regulation of Publicly Funded Travel Related to Election Campaigns

    § 404. Restrictions on Public-Employee Participation in Election Campaigns and Partisan Activities

    Appendix. Black Letter of Tentative Draft No. 1

    This draft contains Chapter 4 which addresses the need to place limits on the ability of government officers and employees to use public resources for their personal or partisan benefit in elections. The draft was approved by the membership at the 2015 Annual Meeting, subject to discussion at the meeting, including a suggestion that the Reporters give due consideration to the issue of off-duty activities of public employees, and to editorial prerogative. This material may be cited as representing the Institute’s position until the official text is published.