Election Administration: Non-Precinct Voting and Resolution of Ballot-Counting Disputes Image
Principles of the Law,

Election Administration: Non-Precinct Voting and Resolution of Ballot-Counting Disputes

This work is focused on the principles, rules, and procedures applicable to recounts and ballot disputes, as well as the rules for “non-precinct” voting—the casting of ballots by means other than traditional polling places on election day.

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  •  
    Tentative Draft No. 2
    Tentative Draft No. 2
    180 pages, 2017, #1PELREDTD2

    Project Status at a Glance  xii

    Foreword  xiii

    Reporters’ Memorandum  xvii

    PART II. PRINCIPLES FOR THE RESOLUTION OF

    BALLOT-COUNTING DISPUTES

    Introductory Note  1

    SUBPART A. GENERAL PRINCIPLES

    § 201. Maximum Clarity and Specificity in Advance of the Election  3

    § 202. Transparency  23

    § 203. Equal Treatment  27

    § 204. The Accurate Counting of Eligible Ballots  31

    § 205. Duty of Nonpartisanship  42

    § 206. Certification of the Election Before the Term of Office Begins  48

    SUBPART B. SPECIFIC PROCEDURES

    Introductory Note  54

    § 207. Disputing the Eligibility of Uncounted Ballots  56

    § 208. Determining the Eligibility of Provisional Ballots  61

    § 209. Verification of the Returns  69

    § 210. Recounting of Previously Counted Ballots  72

    § 211. Recount Procedures  77

    § 212. Final Administrative Certification of an Election  80

    § 213. Judicial Contest of a Certified Election  81

    § 214. Pre-Certification Petition to Nullify Election Because of Calamity  93

    § 215. Chain-of-Custody  95

    § 216. Multiple Ballots Cast by a Single Individual  97

    Appendix A. Black Letter of Tentative Draft No. 2  101

    Appendix B. Other Relevant Black-Letter Text  123

    Tentative Draft No. 2 contains Part II, Principles for the Resolution of Ballot-Counting Disputes which includes Subparts A (General Principles) and B (Specific Procedures). At the 2017 Annual Meeting, the membership voted to approve the draft, subject to the discussion at the Meeting and to the usual editorial prerogative. This material may be cited as representing the Institute’s position until the official text is published. Membership approval of Part II marks the completion of this project.

    180 pages, 2017, #1PELREDTD2E

    Project Status at a Glance  xii

    Foreword  xiii

    Reporters’ Memorandum  xvii

    PART II. PRINCIPLES FOR THE RESOLUTION OF

    BALLOT-COUNTING DISPUTES

    Introductory Note  1

    SUBPART A. GENERAL PRINCIPLES

    § 201. Maximum Clarity and Specificity in Advance of the Election  3

    § 202. Transparency  23

    § 203. Equal Treatment  27

    § 204. The Accurate Counting of Eligible Ballots  31

    § 205. Duty of Nonpartisanship  42

    § 206. Certification of the Election Before the Term of Office Begins  48

    SUBPART B. SPECIFIC PROCEDURES

    Introductory Note  54

    § 207. Disputing the Eligibility of Uncounted Ballots  56

    § 208. Determining the Eligibility of Provisional Ballots  61

    § 209. Verification of the Returns  69

    § 210. Recounting of Previously Counted Ballots  72

    § 211. Recount Procedures  77

    § 212. Final Administrative Certification of an Election  80

    § 213. Judicial Contest of a Certified Election  81

    § 214. Pre-Certification Petition to Nullify Election Because of Calamity  93

    § 215. Chain-of-Custody  95

    § 216. Multiple Ballots Cast by a Single Individual  97

    Appendix A. Black Letter of Tentative Draft No. 2  101

    Appendix B. Other Relevant Black-Letter Text  123

    Tentative Draft No. 2 contains Part II, Principles for the Resolution of Ballot-Counting Disputes which includes Subparts A (General Principles) and B (Specific Procedures). At the 2017 Annual Meeting, the membership voted to approve the draft, subject to the discussion at the Meeting and to the usual editorial prerogative. This material may be cited as representing the Institute’s position until the official text is published. Membership approval of Part II marks the completion of this project.

     
  •  
    Revised Tentative Draft No. 1 - Part III only
    #1PELREDPART3E

     

    This excerpt from Revised Tentative Draft No. 1 contains only Part III, Procedures for the Resolution of a Disputed Presidential Election, as revised after the 2016 Annual Meeting. The content has been approved by the membership and represents the position of the Institute on the issues with which it deals.

     
  •  
    Revised Tentative Draft No. 1
    2016, #1PELREDTD1ER

     

    Revised Tentative Draft No. 1 contains Part I, Principles of Non-Precinct Voting: Early In-Person Voting and Open Absentee Voting, and Part III, Procedures for the Resolution of a Disputed Presidential Election, as revised after the 2016 Annual Meeting. The content has been approved by the membership and represents the position of the Institute on the issues with which it deals.

     
  •  
    Tentative Draft No. 1
    Tentative Draft No. 1
    250 pages, 2016, #1PELREDTD1

    Foreword            xiii

    Reporters’ Memorandum            xvii

    PART I. PRINCIPLES OF NON-PRECINCT VOTING: EARLY IN-PERSON VOTING AND OPEN ABSENTEE VOTING

    Introductory Note on Scope       1

    Relationship to Principles of the Law, Election Administration: Parts II and III        1

    § 101. Definitions             2

    § 102. Obligation to Avoid Partisanship and Undue Burden in the Voting Process               9

    § 103. Decision to Adopt Early In-Person Voting or Open Absentee Voting            13

    § 104. Days and Hours of Early In-Person Voting                24

    § 105. Locations of Early In-Person Voting             33

    § 106. Processes of Early In-Person Voting           36

    § 107. Period of Open Absentee Voting 41

    § 108. Applications for Open Absentee-Voting Ballots     43

    § 109. Voting and Returning Open Absentee Ballots        49

    § 110. Processing and Counting Voted Absentee Ballots                56

    § 111. State and Local Data-Collection Responsibilities    63

    Sample Absentee-Ballot-Transmission Envelope               67

    PART III. PROCEDURES FOR THE RESOLUTION OF A DISPUTED PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION

    Introductory Note           69

    Disputed Presidential Election Calendars               83

    § 301. Definitions             89

    § 302. Applicability and Objective             96

    § 303. Declaration of Expedited Presidential Recount      111

    § 304. Presidential Election Court              128

    § 305. Initial Phase of Presidential Recount by Local Authorities  147

    § 306. Presidential Election Court’s Review of Local Recount Rulings         154

    § 307. Appeal to State Supreme Court of Recount Review            158

    § 308. Conduct of Canvass by Local Authorities   160

    § 309. Certification of Canvass    169

    § 310. Presidential Election Court’s Review of Canvass: Petition and Participants                171

    § 311. Presidential Election Court’s Review of Canvass: Deadline and Proceedings             176

    § 312. Appeal to State Supreme Court of Canvass Review             180

    § 313. Judicial Contest of Certified Vote Totals: Petition 183

    § 314. Contest of Certified Vote Totals: Deadline and Proceedings            193

    § 315. Appeal to State Supreme Court of Contest Determinations             200

    § 316. Final Certification of Presidential Election 205

    § 317. Cessation of Expedited Procedures If No Longer Necessary            210

    Appendix. Black Letter of Tentative Draft No. 1  213

    Tentative Draft No. 1 contains Part I, Principles of Non-Precinct Voting: Early In-Person Voting and Open Absentee Voting, and Part III, Procedures for the Resolution of a Disputed Presidential Election. The draft was approved by the membership at the 2016 Annual Meeting, subject to the discussion at the Meeting and to the usual editorial prerogative. An errata sheet is included to delete duplicative material.

    250 pages, 2016, #1PELREDTD1E

    Foreword            xiii

    Reporters’ Memorandum            xvii

    PART I. PRINCIPLES OF NON-PRECINCT VOTING: EARLY IN-PERSON VOTING AND OPEN ABSENTEE VOTING

    Introductory Note on Scope       1

    Relationship to Principles of the Law, Election Administration: Parts II and III        1

    § 101. Definitions             2

    § 102. Obligation to Avoid Partisanship and Undue Burden in the Voting Process               9

    § 103. Decision to Adopt Early In-Person Voting or Open Absentee Voting            13

    § 104. Days and Hours of Early In-Person Voting                24

    § 105. Locations of Early In-Person Voting             33

    § 106. Processes of Early In-Person Voting           36

    § 107. Period of Open Absentee Voting 41

    § 108. Applications for Open Absentee-Voting Ballots     43

    § 109. Voting and Returning Open Absentee Ballots        49

    § 110. Processing and Counting Voted Absentee Ballots                56

    § 111. State and Local Data-Collection Responsibilities    63

    Sample Absentee-Ballot-Transmission Envelope               67

    PART III. PROCEDURES FOR THE RESOLUTION OF A DISPUTED PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION

    Introductory Note           69

    Disputed Presidential Election Calendars               83

    § 301. Definitions             89

    § 302. Applicability and Objective             96

    § 303. Declaration of Expedited Presidential Recount      111

    § 304. Presidential Election Court              128

    § 305. Initial Phase of Presidential Recount by Local Authorities  147

    § 306. Presidential Election Court’s Review of Local Recount Rulings         154

    § 307. Appeal to State Supreme Court of Recount Review            158

    § 308. Conduct of Canvass by Local Authorities   160

    § 309. Certification of Canvass    169

    § 310. Presidential Election Court’s Review of Canvass: Petition and Participants                171

    § 311. Presidential Election Court’s Review of Canvass: Deadline and Proceedings             176

    § 312. Appeal to State Supreme Court of Canvass Review             180

    § 313. Judicial Contest of Certified Vote Totals: Petition 183

    § 314. Contest of Certified Vote Totals: Deadline and Proceedings            193

    § 315. Appeal to State Supreme Court of Contest Determinations             200

    § 316. Final Certification of Presidential Election 205

    § 317. Cessation of Expedited Procedures If No Longer Necessary            210

    Appendix. Black Letter of Tentative Draft No. 1  213

    Tentative Draft No. 1 contains Part I, Principles of Non-Precinct Voting: Early In-Person Voting and Open Absentee Voting, and Part III, Procedures for the Resolution of a Disputed Presidential Election. The draft was approved by the membership at the 2016 Annual Meeting, subject to the discussion at the Meeting and to the usual editorial prerogative. An errata sheet is included to delete duplicative material.

     
  •  
    Report to ALI
    Report to ALI
    102 pages, 2012, #1PELREDRA

    Principles of Election Law: Resolution of Election Disputes Report to ALI

    Softbound  | 1PELREDRA  | 2012  | 102 pages  | $25.00  

    Model Calendar for the Resolution of Disputed Elections (8/9-week version) 

    Reporter’s Notes on Model Calendar for the Resolution of Disputed Elections (8/9-week  version)  

    Model Calendar for the Resolution of Disputed Presidential Elections (5-week version) 

    Reporter’s Notes on Model Calendar for the Resolution of Disputed Presidential Elections (5-week version)

    Expedited Procedures for an Unresolved Presidential Election 

    The Resolution of Ballot-Counting Disputes 

    How Fair Can Be Faster: The Lessons of Coleman v. Franken (page proofs) 

    Non-Precinct Voting 

    Appendix: Lessons from Minnesota 2008 and Beyond: Reforming the Absentee Voting Process 

    This Report to ALI was submitted for, discussion only, at the 2012 Annual Meeting.

    102 pages, 2012, #1PELREDRAE

    Principles of Election Law: Resolution of Election Disputes Report to ALI

    Softbound  | 1PELREDRA  | 2012  | 102 pages  | $25.00  

    Model Calendar for the Resolution of Disputed Elections (8/9-week version) 

    Reporter’s Notes on Model Calendar for the Resolution of Disputed Elections (8/9-week  version)  

    Model Calendar for the Resolution of Disputed Presidential Elections (5-week version) 

    Reporter’s Notes on Model Calendar for the Resolution of Disputed Presidential Elections (5-week version)

    Expedited Procedures for an Unresolved Presidential Election 

    The Resolution of Ballot-Counting Disputes 

    How Fair Can Be Faster: The Lessons of Coleman v. Franken (page proofs) 

    Non-Precinct Voting 

    Appendix: Lessons from Minnesota 2008 and Beyond: Reforming the Absentee Voting Process 

    This Report to ALI was submitted for, discussion only, at the 2012 Annual Meeting.