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Model Penal Code:

Sexual Assault and Related Offenses

This work re-examines Article 213 of the Model Penal Code, which addresses sexual offenses. Now over fifty years since its adoption, the Article is no longer a reliable guide for legislatures and courts. The project covers both substantive and evidentiary matters, as well as the collateral consequences of conviction.  

 

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  •  
    Tentative Draft No. 6
    Tentative Draft No. 6
    214 pages, 2022, #1MPCSATD6

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Section                                                                             Page

    Project Status at a Glance ................................................... xi

    Foreword ............................................................................. xii

    Reporter’s Memorandum ................................................... xiii

    Selected Black Letter and Comments Requiring Membership Approval, with Related Reporters’ Notes, of the Following Sections:

    Section 213.0. General Principles of Liability; Definitions .... 1

    Section 213.2. Sexual Assault by Physical Force or
    Restraint ............................................................................. 11

    Section 213.3. Sexual Assault of an Incapacitated, Vulnerable, or Legally Restricted Person  .......................... 13

    Section 213.5. Sexual Assault by Prohibited Deception .... 16

    Section 213.7. Aggravated Offensive Sexual Contact; Offensive Sexual Contact ................................................... 18

    Section 213.8. Sexual Offenses Involving Minors ............... 20

    Section 213.9. Sex Trafficking and Related Offenses ......... 28

    Section 213.11. Sentencing and Collateral Consequences 
    of Conviction – Executive Summary .................................... 42

    Section 213.11. Sentencing and Collateral Consequences of Conviction ....................................................................... 51

    Section 213.11A. Registration for Law-Enforcement Purposes ............................................................................ 59

    Section 213.11D. Information Required in Registration ..... 66

    Section 213.11H. Access to Registry Information .............. 68

    Section 213.11I. Additional Collateral Consequences of Conviction .......................................................................... 77

    Annex to Sections 213.11–213.11J. Model Procedures for Criminal History Background Checks ................................. 82

    Appendix A – Pertinent 1962 Code Provisions .............. 91

    Appendix B – Complete Black Letter of Article 213 ...... 98

    Appendix C – Comparison of Complete Black Letter – Tentative Draft No. 5 to Tentative Draft No. 6 .............. 143

    Tentative Draft No. 6 contains selected  black letter and Comments that required membership approval, with related Reporters’ Notes. At the 2022 Annual Meeting, the membership approved Tentative Draft No. 6, subject to the amendments approved at the Meeting, discussion at the Meeting, and editorial prerogative.

    214 pages, 2022, #1MPCSATD6E

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Section                                                                             Page

    Project Status at a Glance ................................................... xi

    Foreword ............................................................................. xii

    Reporter’s Memorandum ................................................... xiii

    Selected Black Letter and Comments Requiring Membership Approval, with Related Reporters’ Notes, of the Following Sections:

    Section 213.0. General Principles of Liability; Definitions .... 1

    Section 213.2. Sexual Assault by Physical Force or
    Restraint ............................................................................. 11

    Section 213.3. Sexual Assault of an Incapacitated, Vulnerable, or Legally Restricted Person  .......................... 13

    Section 213.5. Sexual Assault by Prohibited Deception .... 16

    Section 213.7. Aggravated Offensive Sexual Contact; Offensive Sexual Contact ................................................... 18

    Section 213.8. Sexual Offenses Involving Minors ............... 20

    Section 213.9. Sex Trafficking and Related Offenses ......... 28

    Section 213.11. Sentencing and Collateral Consequences 
    of Conviction – Executive Summary .................................... 42

    Section 213.11. Sentencing and Collateral Consequences of Conviction ....................................................................... 51

    Section 213.11A. Registration for Law-Enforcement Purposes ............................................................................ 59

    Section 213.11D. Information Required in Registration ..... 66

    Section 213.11H. Access to Registry Information .............. 68

    Section 213.11I. Additional Collateral Consequences of Conviction .......................................................................... 77

    Annex to Sections 213.11–213.11J. Model Procedures for Criminal History Background Checks ................................. 82

    Appendix A – Pertinent 1962 Code Provisions .............. 91

    Appendix B – Complete Black Letter of Article 213 ...... 98

    Appendix C – Comparison of Complete Black Letter – Tentative Draft No. 5 to Tentative Draft No. 6 .............. 143

    Tentative Draft No. 6 contains selected  black letter and Comments that required membership approval, with related Reporters’ Notes. At the 2022 Annual Meeting, the membership approved Tentative Draft No. 6, subject to the amendments approved at the Meeting, discussion at the Meeting, and editorial prerogative. 

     
  •  
    Tentative Draft No. 5
    658 pages, 2021, #1MPCSATD5E

     

    MODEL PENAL CODE: SEXUAL ASSAULT AND RELATED OFFENSES

    TENTATIVE DRAFT NO. 5

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

     

    SECTION............................................................................................................... PAGE

    PROJECT STATUS AT A GLANCE............................................................................... xiii

    FOREWORD................................................................................................................ xv

    PART I

    GRADING: GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS..................................................................... 1

    PART II

    SECTION 213.0. GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF LIABILITY; DEFINITIONS.......................... 15

    SECTION 213.1. SEXUAL ASSAULT BY AGGRAVATED PHYSICAL FORCE OR

                RESTRAINT.................................................................................................... 87

    SECTION 213.2. SEXUAL ASSAULT BY PHYSICAL FORCE OR RESTRAINT................ 131

    SECTION 213.3. SEXUAL ASSAULT OF AN INCAPACITATED, VULNERABLE,

               OR LEGALLY RESTRICTED PERSON .............................................................. 146

    SECTION 213.4. SEXUAL ASSAULT BY EXTORTION................................................. 208

    SECTION 213.5. SEXUAL ASSAULT BY PROHIBITED DECEPTION............................ 237

    SECTION 213.6. SEXUAL ASSAULT IN THE ABSENCE OF CONSENT........................ 253

    SECTION 213.7. OFFENSIVE SEXUAL CONTACT BY PHYSICAL FORCE

                 OR RESTRAINT OR SURREPTITIOUS INCAPACITATION;

                 OFFENSIVE SEXUAL CONTACT................................................................... 284

    SECTION 213.8. SEXUAL OFFENSES INVOLVING MINORS....................................... 317

    SECTION 213.9. SEX TRAFFICKING.......................................................................... 413

    SECTION 213.10. AFFIRMATIVE DEFENSE OF EXPLICIT PRIOR PERMISSION.......... 462

    SECTION 213.11. SENTENCING AND COLLATERAL CONSEQUENCES

                OF CONVICTION – EXECUTIVE SUMMARY................................................. 481

    SECTION 213.11. SENTENCING AND COLLATERAL CONSEQUENCES

                OF CONVICTION.......................................................................................... 493

    SECTION 213.11A. REGISTRATION FOR LAW-ENFORCEMENT PURPOSES............. 539

    SECTION 213.11B. NOTIFICATION OF THE OBLIGATION TO REGISTER

                AND ASSOCIATED DUTIES........................................................................... 556

    SECTION 213.11C. TIME OF INITIAL REGISTRATION.............................................. 558

    SECTION 213.11D. INFORMATION REQUIRED IN REGISTRATION.......................... 560

    SECTION 213.11E. DUTY TO KEEP REGISTRATION CURRENT................................. 562

    SECTION 213.11F. DURATION OF REGISTRATION REQUIREMENT........................ 567

    SECTION 213.11G. FAILURE TO REGISTER.............................................................. 571

    SECTION 213.11H. ACCESS TO REGISTRY INFORMATION...................................... 573

    SECTION 213.11I. ADDITIONAL COLLATERAL CONSEQUENCES OF

                  CONVICTION.............................................................................................. 581

    SECTION 213.11J. DISCRETIONARY RELIEF FROM REGISTRATION AND

                  OTHER SENTENCING CONSEQUENCES AND COLLATERAL

                  CONSEQUENCES........................................................................................ 595

    APPENDIX A - PERTINENT 1962 CODE PROVISIONS............................................... 601

    APPENDIX B – PROPOSED BLACK LETTER OF ARTICLE 213.................................... 607

     

    Tentative Draft No. 5 contains Part I, Grading and Part II, Sections 213.0 to 213.11J. The membership voted to approve this draft at the 2021 Annual Meeting, subject to: motions to amend the draft that passed at the Meeting and the Council’s approval of the amendments; the discussion at the Meeting; and editorial prerogative.